Seborrhea - a violation of the function of the sebaceous glands, characterized mainly by increased isolation of inferior sebum. This disease changes the secretion of sebaceous glands and the chemical composition of sebum.
Sebaceous glands have exits in both hair follicles and directly on the surface of the human body, with the exception of the palms and feet. Most of them are located in the skin of the scalp on the face, chest and back. These glands secrete sebum, consisting of a mixture of fats, wax and proteins. In some parts of the body, for example, on the nose, the sebaceous glands open on the surface of the skin. The secretion of sebum is especially intensified during periods of puberty and menopause. The production of sebum is enhanced by the action of androgens, and under the influence of estrogens decreases. As a result of a violation of the ratio of sex hormones to estrogen and androgen, the activity of the sebaceous glands is increased. Seborei often suffer from small children due to excess hormones obtained from the mother's body. Seborrheic dermatitis can be caused by stress, improper skin care, and excessive sweating.
There are two types of seborrhea. With oily seborrhea, too much cutaneous fat is produced. As a result, the skin becomes oily and shiny. Dry seborrhea affects the scalp, is accompanied by severe itching, on the skin there are difficult to separate scales. With this disease, a hair growth disorder is possible, many acne appears. There is also a mixed type of disease.
- Brilliant skin.
- Greasy hair.
- Oily and shiny skin on the face, chest, back.
- The skin is covered with dry scales.
- Only the scalp is affected.
- Violated hair growth, baldness.
Causes of appearance
Seborrhea manifests itself due to a hereditary predisposition to hyperfunction of the sebaceous glands. Therefore, this disease is often affected by members of the same family.
The goal of the treatment is to reduce the content of sebum in the glands and to reduce the secretion of the sebaceous glands. However, care must be taken not to overdry the skin. Seborrhea almost never occurs in severe form, however, every patient should be observed by the doctor, because An individual approach is necessary in the choice of therapeutic agents. In addition, this disease is often accompanied by bacterial or fungal inflammation. For the treatment of oily seborrhoea, special shampoos are used. In addition, the skin should be wiped with alcohol solutions. Special shampoos wash the affected areas of the skin and with dry seborrhea. In the skin of a washed head rub ointments containing sulfur and salicylic acid. Sometimes alcohol solutions for hair are used.
If you have the above symptoms, you need to contact a dermatologist.
The doctor will examine the damaged skin areas, take a look at the hygiene products used by the patient (soap, shampoo, nourishing creams and cosmetics). If there is a harmful agent among them, the doctor will inform the patient about it. In connection with the impossibility of complete cure of this disease, the doctor will only try to mitigate his symptoms.
Course of the disease
Violation of the function of the sebaceous glands is most often manifested during puberty. This disease is difficult to treat, treatment is long. Often, too intense production of sebum decreases only for a while. Some patients may have seborrheic eczema. Seborrhea usually passes after the end of puberty.
For infants, the presence of dry seborrhea is normal. Scales should be softened with the help of baby oil, then rinse with warm water and soap.