Seborrheic eczema is one of the forms of seborrhea, a disease characterized by a dysfunction of the sebaceous glands. Usually this disease is observed in people who suffer from increased sebum. Especially often lesions are localized on skin areas rich in sebaceous glands - on the scalp, behind the auricles, on the face, in the sternum, naso-labial folds, between the shoulder blades, etc.
A characteristic symptom of seborrheic eczema is reddish spots with clear boundaries of the most diverse form. Often these areas develop true eczema, which is very similar to psoriasis. In addition, sometimes there is pink lichen, which is characterized by the appearance on the skin first of one, and then several round or oval lesions of red or brown color, covered with small scales.
- Foci of defeat of red color.
- Peeling, itching.
- Often a secondary purulent infection.
To date, the causes of seborrhoea and seborrheic eczema are not entirely clear. It is assumed that in addition to an innate propensity, which in no case can be equated with heredity, the occurrence of eczema is influenced by the presence of other skin diseases, for example, acne vulgaris or skin inflammation (dermatitis). Her development can also contribute to the violation of hormonal metabolism and a deficiency of vitamins. Seborrheic eczema is not a contagious disease. In addition, in the vast majority of cases it affects people with increased sweating and oily skin. Recently, the origin of seborrhea is associated with the fungus Malassezia.
The emergence of this disease has an impact and psychogenic factors. The skin, like a mirror, reflects the inner state of a person. Often psychological disharmony contributes to the appearance of eczema.
There is an opinion that it is impossible to completely cure seborrheic eczema. However, with the help of correct and timely treatment you can almost get rid of the itchy rash, and also prevent the formation of scales. Patient appoint pills and ointments, which include hormones glucocorticoid. In addition, a number of other medications prescribed for the treatment of eczema are effective. Most often, not fatty ointments are used for treatment, but tinctures (alcohol solutions), lotions, powder or ointments of light consistency. If the disease is caused by bacteria, then in this case, prescribe antibiotics of topical action (ointments) or tinctures. Today, antifungal medicines are also successfully used. It was observed that with improper or interrupted treatment after a few days the illness resumed.
It is recommended to irritate the skin as little as possible: do not use cosmetics, soap, do not wear synthetic clothes. In addition, it is necessary to limit the consumption of spicy food.
With seborrheic eczema, you do not need to see a doctor. However, if the condition worsens (a progressive increase in symptoms), it is recommended that you consult a doctor.
After revealing the disease, the doctor will prescribe the patient a remedy appropriate to his skin type. With seborrheic eczema, as with other forms of it, rest at the sea or spa treatment is useful. This is especially recommended for those who have severe skin flaking.
Extrinsic lesions usually occur spontaneously. Their formation can be facilitated by an excessively frequent washing of the face and body with soap containing alkali. In the absence of treatment, eczema may disappear spontaneously, but there is a risk of recurrence of the disease.