Sun burns are skin lesions that occur as a result of prolonged human exposure to direct sunlight. Most often it is a burn of I or II degree, as a result of which redness, swelling and burning of the skin is observed. With a severe burn, blisters may appear, filled with a clear or turbid liquid. The state of health worsens, the temperature rises, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches begin.
- Redness, painful swelling of the skin.
- Itching and burning of the skin. Pain when touching affected areas.
- Sometimes there are blisters.
- Headache, fever, sometimes vomiting, diarrhea.
At first, the person does not feel anything. However, 4-6 hours after exposure to sunlight, the skin becomes very red, swollen, and blisters may appear on it. Symptoms of burns can develop after 24 hours. They disappear after about 2-3 days, when the peeling skin surface layer is replaced with a new one. Crusts appear on the place of the blisters, but the scars do not remain.
Reasons for education
The main cause of sunburn - too long stay in the sun. Defeat of the skin cause ultraviolet rays. The source of ultraviolet rays is also a quartz lamp and solarium equipment, therefore, when applying these procedures, it is possible to obtain a similar thermal damage. The degree of skin damage also depends on its type: white skin burns in the sun faster than swarty.
How to treat?
Treatment of sunburns depends on the severity of the tissue damage.
A slight burn can be treated independently. A proven remedy is wet and cool water compresses. Compresses need to be changed every hour. After such procedures, the skin dries very much, so it is recommended to lubricate it with a special lotion or cream designed to moisturize and soften the skin after sunbathing.
If there was a lesion of a large area of skin or even the entire body, the temperature rose significantly, there was a disturbance of blood circulation, you urgently need to see a doctor. The appearance of blisters on the skin is always a symptom of a more severe burn.
Depending on the degree of severity of the burn, the doctor will prescribe cooling and reducing skin swelling medicines for external use (sometimes such glucocorticoid hormones are included). In severe cases, anti-inflammatory drugs and drugs are prescribed to stabilize blood circulation.
In general, a burn caused by sunlight is not dangerous to health, rather unpleasant. However, doctors advise to be cautious: the ozone layer becomes thinner and misses more harmful sun rays, the excess of which, with prolonged exposure, can cause skin cancer. Most of the changes caused by sunlight disappear due to the permanent regeneration occurring in the skin (in the absence of this mechanism, the skin cancers of the skin, like crusts, would cover the entire human body).