Endocrinology

Adrenogenital syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Course of the disease

Adrenogenital syndrome (ACS) is a congenital pathological condition caused by dysfunction of the adrenal cortex with excessive secretion of androgens and is manifested by signs of virilization. Adrenogenital syndrome occurs if the adrenal cortex begins to produce too many male sex hormones. Violation of this function can be congenital or acquired. Symptoms of adrenogenital syndrome In boys: premature puberty; Excessive growth of muscle mass. In girls: premature puberty; Development of the male type. In men: excessive hair loss and increased muscle mass; Baldness, pimples; Lower voice, In women, the symptoms are more pronounced: an enlarged clitoris, a small chest. Causes of...

Acromegaly - Symptoms and causes

Acromegaly is an endocrine disease caused by excessive production of growth hormone, mainly in pituitary adenoma. Occurs after the growth of the body. When acromegaly disproportionately increase the limbs, face, etc., as well as some internal organs. Symptoms of acromegaly Disproportionate growth of the forehead, nose, lips, hands, jaws, feet. Impotence, a violation of sexual desire in men. Absence of menstruation in women. Headaches and pains in the limbs. Darker skin, excessive growth of hair on the body. Causes of acromegaly At the end of XIX century. The first hypothesis was that the cause of acromegaly may be pituitary disease. At present, this hypothesis is confirmed....

Albinism: Causes, Types & Symptoms

Albinism is a congenital deficiency or lack of pigment in the body. This rare hereditary disease manifests itself from birth. The albinos have very light, pale pink skin, very blond hair and a light iris of the eyes. There are full and partial albinism. Full albinism - there is no production of melanin. Partial albinism (albinismus partialis) - melanin deficiency is observed in certain parts of the body, which is manifested by light pink or white spots on the skin, in the hair can be completely white strands. Symptoms of albinism Pale pink skin color. Blonde hair. Bright iris of the eyes. Hypersensitivity to light. The causes of albinism Albinism is a hereditary disease that...

Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid): Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

About hypothyroidism - the weakening of the thyroid gland is usually spoken in cases where the iron produces an insufficient amount of hormones. This leads to a metabolic disorder. Symptoms of hypothyroidism Impaired cardiac function. Hypersensitivity to cold. Weakness, drowsiness, apathy. Dryness of the skin. Mortification of the throat. Deafness. Weight gain. Edema. Causes of hypothyroidism One of the causes of hypothyroidism is the inflammation of the thyroid gland (thyroiditis). Usually it is autoimmune in nature or manifested after some kind of organic infection. Weakening of the function occurs after removal of the gland or treatment with radioactive iodine, as well...

Cretinism - Symptoms, Causes, Pictures and Treatment

Cretinism is an endocrine disease with a disruption of the thyroid function, delay in physical and mental development. Insufficiency of function or absence of a thyroid gland can be congenital. Cretinism can also develop during the growth of a child due to a lack of iodine or thyroid hormone. Symptoms of cretinism Low growth. Thick, big tongue. A flat nose. Mental retardation, idiocy. Causes of cretinism The reasons for the appearance of cretinism are not yet sufficiently investigated. However, it is known that childhood cretinism is manifested due to a lack of iodine in the mother's body. Women with endemic goiter most often give birth to children with disrupted thyroid...