Infectious Diseases

Actinomycosis: etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment

Actinomycosis refers to primary chronic infections caused by radiant fungi - actinomycetes. Most often these fungi affect the gums, tonsils, teeth and cause severe inflammation with the formation of dense infiltrates, which are then suppressed. When pus breaks through the skin, multiple fistulas arise. In addition, actinomycosis can affect pulmonary and intestinal tissues. Symptoms Swelling in the mucous membrane of the mouth, inflammation, the appearance of sores in the mouth. Education of abscesses. After some time through the fistula pus comes out. When the lungs are affected - chest pain and purulent sputum. When infection of the intestine - pain, vomiting, diarrhea or...

Amoebiasis - symptoms, causes, diagnosis, Amoebiasis treatment

Infectious Diseases Amoebiasis (amoebic dysentery) Amoebic dysentery or amoebiasis is a parasitic disease caused by a histological amoeba and characterized by ulcerative lesions of the large intestine. The causative agents of the disease are amoebae. These are single-celled organisms about 0.02 mm in size, affecting the mucosa of the colon. Amoebas that cause dysentery can only reproduce in the intestine. The life cycle of the histological amoeba consists of two stages - the vegetative and the resting stages, replacing each other depending on the conditions of the habitat. In the human body, the amoeba falls in the form of cysts. Having penetrated into the digestive tract, the cysts...

Borreliosis (Lyme Disease): Practice Essentials, Background, Etiology

Borreliosis is a disease caused by spirochaetes of the genus Borrelia, characterized by early skin lesions and migrating erythema. After weeks or even months, there may be lesions of the nervous system, heart, joints. The most common tick borreliosis (Lyme disease). Infection occurs when the infected tick is bitten. Symptoms Red spot on the site of the tick bite. General malaise, pain in the joints. Neurological symptoms. Increased redness of the skin. More than 50% of people have symptoms of borreliosis 3-30 days after the bite of an infected tick. First of all, at the site of the bite there is a characteristic reddening of the skin, which increases and can persist for several...

Brucellosis - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Brucellosis

What is cow-type brucellosis? Brucellosis cow type, or Bang's disease - one of the most common forms of brucellosis . It is caused by brucella - a sedentary, ubiquitous bacteria. The source of the infection is domestic animals. The incubation period can last from two weeks to several months. At the onset of the disease, the symptoms can be different - from general weakness to severe headaches, diarrhea, fever and chills. Then a characteristic fluctuation of body temperature is noted. At certain intervals, it rises to 41 ° C, then normalizes. In medicine, such a temperature fluctuation is called an undulating fever. For the first time this infectious disease was studied and described...

Venereal lymphogranuloma

The venereal lymphogranuloma is a chronic infectious venereal disease, transmitted sexually, and more rarely - domestic. Another name is inguinal lymphogranulomatosis, chlamydial lymphogranuloma, the fourth sexually transmitted disease, Duran-Nicolas Favre disease, tropical bubo. It occurs mainly in countries with tropical climate, in Europe it is a rare disease, although pathogens are widespread around the world. In recent times, homosexuals are more likely to suffer from this rare disease. Symptoms Early symptoms: small vesicles and papules, later sores, with a flat red, moist surface and clearly defined boundaries. Late symptoms: Slight enlarged lymph node, palpable. Rapid growth...