Shingles is a painful viral infectious disease, manifested by the appearance of a rash (similar to the one that occurs with chicken pox) in different parts of the body. Due to inflammation of the nerve nodes on the skin, bubbles form. Eruptions appear along the course of virus-infected nerves, innervating various areas of the skin. As a rule, the nerve nodes are affected only on one side of the body.
Shingles and varicella cause the same virus. Wind chicken most often affects children - this is the primary infection caused by this virus. Lishay develops due to the reactivation of a latent virus that was in the spinal or cerebral ganglia after the chicken pox was transferred. People are sick of middle and old age.
- Fatigue, poor health.
- Strong pain.
- Skin changes.
- Vials containing a clear liquid.
The first symptoms of herpes zoster are severe pain in the area of the affected area, increased fatigue, loss of appetite and a rise in temperature. Most often, the rashes encircle the intercostal, thoracic or lumbar parts of the body. After 3-5 days, red nodules with transparent or purulent contents form on the painful areas of the skin. The fever passes through 2-3 days after the appearance of the bubbles, the rash - in 2-4 weeks, most often without leaving scars. Often in elderly patients who have experienced nerve inflammation, severe pain persists for a month or longer.
Transmission of the virus occurs with direct contact with the patient, for example, when touched, or by airborne droplets.
The earlier treatment is started, the more favorable the prognosis. Vesicles are lubricated with special ointments, they take drugs that inhibit the propagation of pathogens, and vitamins of group B. With often relapsing deprivation, treatment with antiviral medicines is indicated.
It is necessary to comply with bed rest, try not to comb the lesions - this will reduce the likelihood of the spread of inflammation and bacterial complications. Medications prescribed by a doctor will sooth the itching and pain.
In principle, all changes in the skin should be examined by a doctor. With the defeat of the cranial nerves, the course of the disease is complicated by loss of hearing or vision. The absence of treatment can lead to the defeat of the genitals.
Tinea is diagnosed by localization and appearance of the rash. If the doctor doubts, the viruses can be detected laboratory or by sowing cell cultures. In case of severe illness, the patient is hospitalized. Inpatient treatment is indicated in the shingles of the face, since there is a threat to the organs of hearing and sight.
Usually the patient recovers. However, the older the patient, the more dangerous this disease is for him. In severe cases, pathogens affect the central nervous system, which entails the development of serious complications: meningitis, encephalitis, and sometimes paralysis. A patient who suffers from a stricken face should be under the supervision of an eye doctor. If the inflammation spreads to the eyes, corneal ulcers may occur. The disease can also hit the ears. Cases of death are extremely rare. Postponed shingles leave behind a persistent immunity.
Preventive measures can not be avoided from this skin disease.
Chicken pox and shingles cause the same virus. However, unlike chicken pox, deprive less contagious. But children, after all, should be isolated from the sick.