Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by toxoplasma, characterized by a chronic course, with a lesion of the nervous system, an increase in the liver and spleen, and frequent damage to the striated muscle.
- Temperature increase.
- Enlarged lymph nodes.
- Inflammation of the brain and its membranes.
- Joint pain.
- Anatomical organ defects caused by inflammation.
Causes of pathology development
Carriers of toxoplasmosis pathogens are cats. Intermediate hosts of toxoplasma can be almost all warm-blooded animals, including humans. Exciters from the body of cats are excreted with feces. However, fresh feces are not dangerous; After 3-4 days they become a source of infection. The main way of getting sick is oral: when eating, through dirty hands, when using raw or insufficiently thermally processed meat.
Danger during pregnancy
Penetration of pathogens of toxoplasmosis with the blood of an infected pregnant woman through the placenta into the fetal blood in the first months of pregnancy leads to very severe lesions. Toxoplasma causes inflammation of the tissues of the central nervous system. Affected tissue dies, which is a frequent cause of death of the fetus. Some infected infants are born dead, others - with severe lesions, for example, dropsy of the brain or other brain defects that cause impairment of intelligence; Also there is jaundice, blindness, enlarged liver and spleen. When the fetus is infected at the end of pregnancy, a newborn can have meningitis or symptoms of meningoencephalitis, i.e. Convulsions, coma.
Lesions of toxoplasmosis cause irreversible anatomical defects in the newborn. If the disease begins later, then its symptoms are usually amenable to treatment.
It is not recommended to engage in self-medication of this dangerous infectious disease.
If in the second half of pregnancy there are unusual ailments: fever, prolonged vomiting, enlarged lymph nodes, the patient should immediately call a doctor.
To diagnose this disease in pregnant women, the doctor, first of all, will make a blood test. In many clinics, pregnant women are subjected to an immunological blood test. In the case of a positive response, the probability of infection of the fetus is about 50%.
Course of the disease
The consequences of the disease for the fetus are irreversible anatomical defects, which are a frequent cause of death. If toxoplasmosis affects a child or an adult, the disease can be acute or chronic. Symptoms of acute toxoplasmosis are increased lymph nodes, headaches, fever. Similar flu-like symptoms appear. Sometimes there is inflammation of the brain and its membranes. Chronic toxoplasmosis is especially rare. His symptoms: a recurrent rise in temperature, a headache, a violation of the function of the joints, and sometimes inflammation of the affected organs. When the disease is infected with toxoplasmosis, the lymph nodes, liver, spleen, heart, lungs, eyes and central nervous system are affected.
A person infected with toxoplasm does not necessarily fall ill. This disease is especially dangerous for pregnant women, causing severe damage to the fetus (for example, dropsy of the brain, foci of calcification in the brain, vascular disorders of the brain, in addition, the fetus due to congenital toxoplasmosis often dies).
Pregnant women should avoid situations that contribute to the disease with toxoplasmosis. They are forbidden to eat raw or undercooked meat and touch cats, especially strangers.
Do not expel cats, even because of fear of toxoplasmosis. When feeding cats with special cat food or boiled meat, with daily cleaning of the toilet the probability of infection is extremely low.