Trichomoniasis (trichomoniasis) is an infectious disease that is transmitted predominantly through the sexual pathway, which is clinically manifested by damage to various parts of the genitourinary system caused by vaginal trichomonads. Trichomonads are the genus of the simplest class of flagella, parasitizing in various organs of man. These microorganisms affect the male and female genital organs. In women, the disease can occur in acute and chronic form.
- Abundant, purulent, foamy leucorrhoea.
- Burning in the vagina and urination.
- Foamy discharge from the urethra.
- Burning sensation in the urethra.
- Frequent urge to urinate.
In women, the first symptoms of trichomoniasis are fluid, foamy or greenish discharge from the vagina, itching and burning in the vaginal area, and possibly a burning sensation when urinating. With prolonged absence of treatment, inflammation of the vagina or urethra can begin. If the course of the disease is unfavorable, then the uterine tubes are affected, the consequence of blockage is infertility.
In men, the symptoms of the disease are usually absent, only occasionally there is a burning sensation in the urethra and a rapid urge to urinate. Sometimes foam or purulent discharge appears from the urethra; In rare cases, inflammation of the glans penis or foreskin is observed. A rare complication of trichomoniasis in men is inflammation of the epididymis and prostate gland (epididymitis and prostatitis). With the concealment and absence of treatment for trichomoniasis, there is a serious danger to human health. It is very important to simultaneously treat both sexual partners.
Causes of the disease
The causative agent of the disease, as a rule, is transmitted sexually. Out-of-the-box contamination is possible through personal toilet items (lid of toilet, towels, sponges, sponges, etc.), which the patient used a short time before. Sometimes the trichomonads of the vagina begin to multiply rapidly and cause symptoms of the disease. This occurs with a change in the vaginal flora (for example, if immunity is impaired after treatment with antibiotics or because of excessive sexual hygiene).
There are many different drugs that can reliably kill trichomonads. Medications can be taken orally and in the form of intravenous injection. Women are usually prescribed vaginal suppositories, when using which there are almost no adverse reactions. When a diagnosis of trichomoniasis is always necessary to treat both sex partners. If treatment is carried out by one partner, then there is a high probability of re-infection from a partner who has not received treatment.
During the entire period of treatment, sex is prohibited. Also it is strictly forbidden to drink alcohol.
When should I see a doctor? Women should consult a doctor if they have a burning sensation in the vagina and a leucorrhoea with an unpleasant odor. Men usually do not have any symptoms. Therefore, having learned that his partner is sick with trichomoniasis, a man should urgently consult a doctor.
If you suspect a trichomoniasis, the doctor examines with the help of a microscope the separation from the vagina of the woman and the morning urine of the man. Usually, to confirm the diagnosis, women take a swab of the vagina.
Medications used to treat trichomoniasis in the first three months of pregnancy can adversely affect the fetus. Therefore, pregnant women should especially beware of possible sources of infection.
Absolute protection against this disease does not exist. The basic security measures are the absence of casual sexual relations. In addition, there may be extra-viral contamination, so personal hygiene is necessary (especially when using a public toilet).