Inflammation of renal pelvis

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What is inflammation of the renal pelvis?

When reproducing bacteria in the urinary tract, inflammation of the urinary tract begins. In adults, these inflammations occur quite often. When urinary tract infection spreads, kidney inflammation occurs. Inflammation of the renal pelvis is a nonspecific infectious disease of the kidneys, affecting the renal parenchyma, pelvis and calyces; Occurs frequently. In acute pyelonephritis, the symptoms are pronounced, with a chronic possible a small number of symptoms or their absence. Women are more prone to this disease than men.

Symptoms of inflammation of the renal pelvis

  • Increased body temperature.
  • Pain in the side.
  • Thirst.
  • Exhaustion.
  • Sometimes nausea and vomiting.
  • General weakness, fast fatigue.
  • Lack of appetite.
  • Headache.
  • Abundant urination.

Causes of inflammation of the renal pelvis

Inflammation is caused by bacteria that enter the renal pelvis through the bladder and urinary tract. Less often, bacteria with blood flow enter the kidneys from other foci of infection. Inflammation causes retardation of urine flow due to urinary tract disease, blockage or congenital anomalies. The likelihood of pyelonephritis is increased with metabolic diseases, for example, in diabetes mellitus.

Treatment of inflammation of the renal pelvis

It is necessary to comply with bed rest and plenty of drink. Depending on the causative agent of the disease, antibiotics are prescribed. If the inflammation of the renal pelvis is caused by a congenital anomaly of the urinary tract or by blockage, after the inflammation has passed, the treatment of the underlying disease will continue with the help of other methods.

With inflammation, you need to drink plenty of fluids to produce more urine. It is not recommended to stay in the sun for a long time!

In acute inflammation of the renal pelvis there is a high fever and chills, which forces the patient to see a doctor. For any problems related to the kidneys, as well as the first symptoms of inflammation of the bladder, you should see a doctor.

The doctor will examine the patient, prescribe a blood and urine test. Ultrasound may be used to determine the retention of urine flow or an anomaly in the shape of the kidneys. With a congenital abnormality of the urinary tract or a violation of the outflow of urine, special studies are performed.

Course of the disease

Acute inflammation of the renal pelvis is characterized by a high temperature of the patient's body (about 38-40 ° C), chills, severe pain in the side, extending down to the bladder and genitals, pain in the lumbosacral region, amplified by palpation of the waist. Sometimes there is nausea and vomiting. With bilateral inflammation of the kidneys, the disease spreads quickly, the kidneys increase, and their capsules thicken, possibly the appearance of oliguria or the development of acute renal failure.

Is inflammation of the renal pelvis dangerous?

With timely treatment, the patient's complete recovery without residual effects usually occurs. In the absence of treatment, there is a risk of chronic inflammation of the renal pelvis, in which the kidneys are affected and pyelonephrosis is possible.

Inflammation of renal pelvis often affects children under 3 years of age. Girls are sick three times more often than boys. It is assumed that if the nappies are not changed in time, the pathogens penetrate into the urinary tract, and along them - into the renal pelvis.

 

Related:
1. Интерстициальный нефрит
2. Acute Renal Failure
3. Polycystic kidney disease
4. Chronic Renal Failure
5. Kidney stone disease