Mental disorders

Mental retardation: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

What is mental retardation and debility? On the mental backwardness of man was mentioned even in the Talmud. However, it was only in 1905 that a basis was created for diagnosing and assessing mental retardation. The average IQ in a normal person is 100 points. Easy mental retardation is diagnosed with an intelligence ratio of 50-55 to 70 points. On average, one out of 200 newborns is mentally retarded. Degeneracy is a delay in mental development, a relatively light degree of oligophrenia. Morons are capable of learning, sometimes with good mechanical memory, assiduity and over-wise parents achieve good results in their studies. Mental retardation is a frequent enough deviation,...

Hallucinations: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Hallucination is a false sensation of something that does not really exist. Hallucinations can be visual, taste, auditory, tactile, or olfactory. When schizophrenia is often observed auditory hallucinations - patients hear voices, noise, laughter. The presence of olfactory hallucinations is characteristic of certain types of convulsions and neoplasms. The patient is convinced of the reality of what is happening, which is the hallmark of hallucinations. Usually hallucinations cause the patient unpleasant sensations or even fear. The patient, suffering from schizophrenia, lives in the world of his delusional fantasies and hallucinations. Imaginary perceptions are also characteristic of healthy...