Neurology

Brain Abscess: Risk Factors, Symptoms & Diagnosis

Neurology Abscess of the brain Brain abscess is a significant accumulation of pus in the brain, which occurs again in the presence of focal infection outside the central nervous system. Perhaps the simultaneous existence of several abscesses, depending on their size and quantity, is more or less affected by the brain. Symptoms of this lesion are different, for example, paralysis, impaired sensitivity or orientation. Epilepsy may occur. In addition, there are general symptoms of the disease, for example, fever, headache, nausea and vomiting. The formation of a foci of infection is often accompanied by inflammation of the brain. Depending on the way the infection gets into the brain,...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis - Symptoms and causes

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a disease in which the motor neurons of the cerebral cortex are affected, as well as the pyramidal tract and peripheral nerves. There are paralysis of muscles. In contrast to multiple sclerosis with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, motor disorders are not accompanied by loss of sensitivity. The disease is slowly progressing. First, the muscles begin to weaken. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis affects men three times more often than women. Usually, the disease occurs at the age of 40-60 years in 4-5 people for every 100 thousand people. All human movements control the brain. The electrical impulses sent by the cerebral cortex through the spinal cord and the...

Parkinson's Disease: Symptoms, Treatments, Causes, Tests

Parkinson's disease, or trembling paralysis - is a disease characterized by a violation of the transmission of signals between different cells of the brain. The variety of symptoms of Parkinson's disease is explained by the fact that both motor functions and intellect, cognitive activity are violated. Characteristic of constant trembling, gait in small steps, there is a "bending posture." Often, the mouth accumulates a lot of saliva, the balance is disturbed, movement is difficult, the voice changes. Another symptom characteristic of this disease is that it is difficult for a patient to start a movement, and especially to take the first steps, it is also difficult for him to stop and finish...

Stroke: Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

Stroke is an acute impairment of blood circulation in the brain with the development of persistent symptoms of damage to the central nervous system caused by a heart attack or a hemorrhage into the brain substance. There are two types of stroke: hemorrhagic and ischemic. The main cause of this pathology is the death of brain tissue due to the cessation of blood supply. When blood is poured into any half of the brain, the opposite side of the body usually paralyzes, but sometimes complete paralysis of the body also occurs. Stroke is 15-17% of all diseases of the nervous system. Annually from 10 thousand inhabitants of the country 4-5 people fall ill. Symptoms Strong headache. Loss of...

Cluster Headaches: Headache Behind the Eyes Symptoms, Treatment

Cluster headache is a seizure of a one-sided intense headache, which is manifested by a series of seizures in a limited period of time (from 2 weeks to 3 months) followed by a prolonged remission. Attacks last from 15 minutes to 3 hours and are repeated several times a day, often at night. During the attack, sweating, redness of the skin, runny nose, lacrimation, dilated pupil, redness and swelling of the eye on the affected side, nausea. At the height of an attack there may be periods of apnea. Symptoms One-sided headache of temporo-ocular localization, sometimes extending to the frontal and occipital parts of the head. Attacks of pain occur mainly at night. Seizures go in a series...