Stroke

Medicine1

Stroke is an acute impairment of blood circulation in the brain with the development of persistent symptoms of damage to the central nervous system caused by a heart attack or a hemorrhage into the brain substance.

There are two types of stroke: hemorrhagic and ischemic. The main cause of this pathology is the death of brain tissue due to the cessation of blood supply. When blood is poured into any half of the brain, the opposite side of the body usually paralyzes, but sometimes complete paralysis of the body also occurs. Stroke is 15-17% of all diseases of the nervous system. Annually from 10 thousand inhabitants of the country 4-5 people fall ill.

Symptoms

  • Strong headache. Loss of consciousness.
  • Tension of the occipital muscles.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Convulsions.

Stroke is characterized by a sudden manifestation. The first symptoms are disorders of movement and speech. In addition, often a person loses consciousness.

The classic symptom is paralysis of one half of the body, accompanied by visual, speech, sensation, dizziness, numbness of the limbs.

Causes

The cause of a stroke is cerebral hemorrhage due to rupture of the blood vessel of the brain.

Hemorrhagic stroke is promoted by a significant increase in blood pressure or weakening of the walls of blood vessels. Therefore, mainly, the hemorrhagic variety of the disease affects the elderly with calcified blood vessels. Another common cause is severe physical traumatic shocks, for example, as a result of a blow to the head, a hemorrhage can occur under the membranes of the brain.

Ischemic stroke develops as a result of blockage or sharp narrowing of blood vessels, which leads to a violation of the blood supply to the brain region. The main reasons for this blockade are embolism (sudden clogging of the vessel with a clot of fat-like substances, bacteria, a piece of tumor) or thrombosis (occlusion of the lumen of the thrombus). Such violations occur in people suffering from heart defects, migraine.

Hemorrhage in the brain is very dangerous for a person, if you do not provide emergency medical care, then this can lead to the death of the patient.

Treatment

The degree of damage to the brain can be determined only after some time. The typical consequences of stroke are paralysis and speech disorders. Unfortunately, quite often, despite treatment and rehabilitation, violations remain.

How to help yourself? The patient performance of curative gymnastics is the key to effective treatment. A person needs constant help and support from relatives and constant supervision by a doctor.

Prevention

It is necessary to constantly monitor the increased pressure, conduct preventive checks to avoid calcification of the arteries. In addition, it should be:

  • Balance the diet, move more;
  • Do not drink alcohol, do not smoke;
  • Avoid stress.

 

Related:
1. Neuralgia triple nerve
2. Neurofibromatosis Recklinghausen
3. Cerebral edema
4. Paralysis of the extremities
5. Paralysis of the facial nerve