Tumors of the nasopharynx and paranasal sinuses


The nose and paranasal sinuses, as well as the upper and middle throat, are organs in which, like in all other organs, tumors can form. Benign tumors of the nasopharynx and pharynx are polyps and osteomas. Fibroma of the nasal cavity and pharynx is a tumor that can degenerate into a malignant one. A typical malignant character is carcinoma and sarcoma.


  • Nasal breathing is difficult.
  • Prolonged bleeding from the nasal aperture.
  • Pain in the face.
  • Headache.
  • A feeling of squeezing in the upper respiratory tract.

Reasons for education

Polyps can form as a result of chronic inflammation of the nasal mucosa caused by infection. Sensitive nasal membranes can irritate smoke, dust, sometimes overgrowth of the nasal mucosa can be caused by an allergic reaction. Osteoma is a benign tumor of bone tissue. Such tumors can be formed on the walls of the frontal or maxillary (maxillary) sinuses and spread to the paranasal sinuses. The causes of osteoma are not known. Fibroma is a proliferation of nasopharyngeal tissue. The starting point of fibroids most often are the nasopharynx arch and the posterior wall of the pharynx, the direction of growth - into the pharynx, nose and sinus cavity, into the orbit, zaskulovuyu area, less often into the cavity of the skull. The reasons for the degeneration of fibroids into a malignant tumor are not fully understood.

Scientific research has proved that the likelihood of oncological formations increases if a person smokes, and also abuses alcohol.


Usually, these tumors must be removed, especially if they make breathing difficult.

To the doctor-otolaryngologist it is necessary to address in following cases:

  • For a long time, breathing through one or both nostrils is difficult.
  • There is a barrier that prevents nasal breathing.
  • Quite often repeated nasal bleeding.
  • Bleeding can not be stopped in the usual way.
  • There are suspicious discharge from the nose.
  • There is a feeling of pressure, a headache, pain in the face, pressure in the eye area.

Actions of the doctor. The doctor will examine the nasal cavity, nasopharynx and pharynx. If necessary, take an X-ray. Other studies - smear taking, biopsy and ultrasound.

Course of the disease

Polyps of the nose (polyposis etmoiditis) - this is the growth of the nasal mucosa. Typically, polyps appear simultaneously in several places: in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Polyps grow slowly enough, but they start to interfere with normal breathing quite quickly. Polyps can disappear by themselves, but more often require surgical treatment. Osteoma is a benign tumor of the paranasal sinuses. Growing up, it exerts pressure on the sinus walls, being forced out beyond its limits. With strong pressure, it is possible to squeeze out the eyeball. Its growth can stop at any time, but the reverse process is impossible.

More often a place of a fibroma appear during puberty. They impede breathing through the nose, there are frequent cases of inflammation of the middle ear and trigeminal neuralgia. There is a danger of degeneration of fibroma into a malignant tumor, so they are usually operated on. The first sign of sarcoma or nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a prolonged nosebleed.


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