Otolaryngology

Angina: Treatment, causes, and symptoms

Angina, or tonsillitis is an acute inflammation of the tonsils. Palatine tonsils are paired formations consisting of lymphoid tissue, which together with pharyngeal and lingual tonsils form a lymphoepithelial ring (the Pirogov-Valdeier ring). Symptoms of tonsillitis are sore throat, worse when swallowing, fever, chills. Cervical lymph nodes are also affected; They are enlarged and painful. There is reddening of the tonsils, sometimes a plaque appears on them. The contagiousness of this disease is not very high. Symptoms Increased body temperature and chills. Pain in the throat. Purulent raid on palatine tonsils and pharynx. Redness of palatine tonsils. Enlarged, painful cervical...

Meniere's Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments

Meniere's disease is characterized by the defeat of the inner ear. This disease most often affects men aged 25-30 years. The patient suddenly starts dizziness, accompanied by nausea and vomiting, he pale, covered with a cold sweat. Sharply reduced blood pressure, there is a noise in the ears, noticeably weaker hearing. The duration of the attack is from 1 to 6 hours, in rare cases - up to two weeks. Attacks are repeated with varying frequency - from once a week to several times a year. Ménière's disease is a progressive incurable disease. Symptoms Dizziness. Noise in ears. Hearing loss. Attacks lasting up to 3-6 hours. Nausea. This disease in most mulucha suffer from...

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss: Causes, Symptom and Treatment

A sudden loss of hearing is a severe hearing loss or complete deafness that develops in a patient in a few minutes or hours. Usually, sudden deafness is one-sided. First, there is a noise in the ears, an unpleasant sensation of opening the ear. Sounds coming from the outside are muffled or not audible. Symptoms Drastic deafness or deafness. Constant noise in the ears. Feeling of raspiraniya in the ear. As a rule, with a sudden hearing loss a person does not experience any pain, and there are also rarely any specific symptoms. It often happens that a patient whose hearing was normal a few minutes ago suddenly suddenly begins to hear badly or even loses his hearing. Often before...

Speech Disorders: Causes, Signs & Diagnosis

Defects in speech are incorrect pronunciation due to violation of the speech apparatus. These defects include stammering, lisping, cartilage. Adult speech defects are usually the result of injuries, surgeries or severe emotional shocks (eg, loss of a loved one, divorce). Thus, a speech defect can arise as a result of traumas of the main organs of speech: the vocal cords, the muscles of the larynx, the sky, the tongue, lips and teeth, and also when the center of speech in the cerebral cortex is damaged. A strong constant emotional stress can cause a violation of pronunciation of sounds. The speech of the person most intensively develops on 2-5 year of a life. Up to three years the child is...

Mastoiditis: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Mastoiditis is a purulent inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cells and bone tissue of the mastoid process of the temporal bone. The mastoid process is a well-palpable bone growth of the temporal bone behind the auricle. When mastoid, all the air-bearing cells of the mastoid process of the temporal bone, including the mastoid cave that communicates with the middle ear cavity, are filled with pus. When pus penetrates outward or inward, there are various complications, even an abscess of the brain is possible. Symptoms Pulsating pain in the ear. Headaches, vomiting. Deterioration of hearing. Deterioration of general well-being. Pain and soreness in the areas behind the...