What is schizoid neurosis?
Neurosis is a fairly long-term mental and behavioral disorder, in which the contact with reality remains, but the circumstances of the patient perceive as abnormal. The schizoid neurosis (from the Greek schizo - split and oides - similar, similar) characterizes the state in which a person closes in himself, ceases to communicate with others. In the case of various forms of neurosis (depressive, hysterical, phobic), the symptoms of the disease are usually quite clear (mental and physical symptoms are noticeable and clearly expressed). With schizoid neurosis, all these symptoms are insignificant or practically absent. On the first place there are symptoms of the patient's personality change, which usually manifest themselves during communication with other people, i.e. During social contacts. People suffering from the schizoid neurosis are concentrated solely on themselves, immersed in their world, in which no one is allowed, they are exaggeratedly shy and very silent. Such people experience great difficulties in communication, especially many difficulties arise in the personal life of sick people. If such a person is friendly with somebody, then this friendship is usually superficial.
However, if he still finds a partner, then often the personality of the patient with the schizoid neurosis completely dissolves into the partner's personality. However, more often than not such people do not find partners, they are lonely, they give most of the time to work or to favorite pursuits. Usually they choose literary or scientific activity and often achieve great success in the chosen field of activity.
Symptoms of schizoid neurosis
- Concentration on one's inner world.
Causes of schizoid neurosis
Patients with schizoid neurosis due to disruption of relationships with the outside world usually feel as if they are separated from others by an invisible but insurmountable wall. They seem to the surrounding people to be insensitive, mocking, cynical and cold people interested only in themselves. Experience, grief or joy of other people do not touch them. They are unpleasant to communicate with, because such people are apathetic, it is difficult to find emotional contact with them. Trying to compensate for the weakness of their emotional connections, patients with schizoid neurosis often give themselves completely to work. They are prone to theoretical thinking and abstraction. Very often such people achieve great success in their work. They always have their own opinion, different from the generally accepted one. In connection with the fact that patients with schizoid neurosis because of their non-communication are emotionally deprived, they tend to fantasize and often begin to dream in reality (daytime fantasies), and in severe cases there is a complete separation from reality. They can be extremely sensitive to details, insignificant things, but often remain indifferent to the misfortune of a loved one.
Schizoid neurosis is a form of neurosis of character. As a result of unconscious, prolonged internal conflicts that began in early childhood, various personality disorders arise. Usually this is facilitated by a lack of attention and love in childhood or, on the contrary, excessive guardianship by the parents, who thus suppressed the will of the child and his ability to make a decision. As a result, such children are weak-minded, insecure, they are hard to communicate. It is assumed that schizoid neurosis is to some extent due to heredity.
Treatment of schizoid neurosis
The mild forms of such disorders usually do not need treatment, they are not too noticeable and do not prevent a person from leading a normal life. However, if there is a severe form of schizoid neurosis, then treatment is needed, psychotherapy is usually used. The psychotherapist, in an interview with the patient, tries to find out his true desires and thus help.
How to help yourself?
Patients with schizoid neurosis understand that they are not able to communicate, but they can not help themselves.
When should I see a doctor?
If there are the above symptoms (especially the inability to communicate), then you should consult a therapist.