Schizophrenia

Medicine2


What is schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness. Its main manifestations: personality change, decreased activity, autism, delirium, hallucinations, affective disorders, catatonia, etc. The course is predominantly chronic. Occurs more often at a young age.

Mental Disorders

In schizophrenia, there are disorders of thinking, manifested by inconsistency, incoherence or incompleteness of thoughts. Later the patient begins to pronounce meaningless words or combinations of sounds.

Visual disturbances

With the progression of the disease, visual perception is also disturbed, and spatial vision often changes: the patient can not correctly determine the dimensions of various things.

Mood swings

Patients with schizophrenia are characterized by mood swings. With the onset of the acute stage of the disease, the patient usually embraces fear.

Delusions and hallucinations

The main symptoms of schizophrenia are nonsense and hallucinations. It seems to the patient that he hears voices and sounds. Many patients suffer from persecution mania. Some patients do not speak at all and do not move.

Symptoms of schizophrenia

  • Disorders of thinking.
  • Manifestation of weirdness and freak.
  • Mania of persecution .
  • Hallucinations.
  • Losing the sense of reality.
  • Rave.

The causes of schizophrenia

It is assumed that the disease is inherited, but the inheritance mechanism is very complicated. Perhaps the disease predetermines the change in several genes and their interaction with each other, so it has not been possible to identify them yet. It is also assumed that the disease can have a biological basis, mostly linking it to a dopamine protein exchange disorder. In an adult, the disease can provoke or exacerbate the severance of social connections (divorce, loss of work).

Treatment of schizophrenia

During a period of exacerbation, only psychotropic medications can help a patient. The patient is hospitalized, antipsychotics, antidepressants, tranquilizers are prescribed. It is often necessary to take very strong medicines for a long time. For treatment apply once: personal methods of psychotherapy. In addition, rehabilitation measures are needed. With the improvement of the condition, supportive treatment is used. The treatment is often attracted to the family members of the patient.

Man quickly discovers a disease, but not everyone dares to consult a doctor. Therefore, relatives, noticing strangeness in behavior, should persuade a sick person to see a doctor.

The doctor examines the patient for other diseases with similar symptoms. In severe cases, the patient is immediately placed in a psychiatric clinic. In large cities there are hospitals where patients are treated in the afternoon, and in the evening they go home.

Course of the disease

The first symptoms of the disease appear for several months or even years before the onset of the disease. Violated ability to concentrate, to study and mental work, to communicate with others. There is insomnia, headaches, often there are problems of a sexual nature. Man gradually withdraws from others, becomes suspicious, morose. In the future, there are persistent changes in personality. The degree of their expression depends on the form, stage of the course of the disease, the rate of its development. People become indifferent to much of what they previously worried and, on the contrary, are highly sensitive to trifles. When the disease progresses, perception is disturbed, auditory, taste, olfactory, visual hallucinations appear. Using modern methods of treatment, approximately two-thirds of patients recover, but relapses are possible.

 

Related:
1. Mania and delirium
2. Persecution mania
3. Narcissism
4. Neurosis
5. Schizoid neurosis