Static psychosis

Medicine2


Static psychosis is a mental illness caused by progressive brain atrophy. It develops in people older than 65 years. Violations can be different: inability to evaluate what is happening, anamnestic disorientation, memory decay, dementia, etc.

Symptoms of senile psychosis

  • Decreased interest in previously significant activities.
  • Inability to concentrate, disturbance of thinking, memory and speech.
  • Violations of coordination of movements.
  • Personality changes.

Causes of senile psychosis

The most common cause is degenerative processes in the brain. But sometimes there is senile melancholy, for which organic changes in the brain are not characteristic.

Treatment of senile psychosis

Cure the disease is impossible. However, it is possible to soften its symptoms. The most effective are drugs that improve blood circulation and stimulate metabolism in the brain. If the patient is overly excited, he is aggressive, then he is prescribed benzodiazepines. In addition, psychotherapy and social therapy are very important.

One should not allow the thought that an atrophic process in the brain is inevitable. Mental work, a constant desire to learn new things, repeat the learned material, interest in the world around them, communicate with people - all this will help to keep the mental abilities longer.

In the elderly, many people already suffer from some kind of illness, therefore, when visiting a doctor, it is recommended to talk with him and about his mental state.

Not every case of senile psychosis is amenable to outpatient treatment. Often a doctor has to hospitalize a patient.

Course of the disease

Older psychosis is one of the forms of senile dementia. There are several basic forms of senile dementia (dementia):

Sclerosis of cerebral arteries

The disease is characterized by the appearance of small foci of a cerebral infarction. The first symptoms of the disease - a squeezing headache, dizziness with flexion and extension of the trunk, noise in the ears. During the day, patients often fall asleep, and at night suffer from insomnia. The patient can quickly remember the names and numbers, but his speech remains incoherent and inconsistent. He is not able to concentrate. His mental state worsens. There are personality disorders, turning into dementia. Along with changes in the psyche, changes in internal organs, characteristic of atherosclerosis, and sometimes neurological symptoms are revealed. Dementia may occur 3 months after a stroke of the brain.

Pick's disease

Premature destruction of the substance of the brain is noted in sick people over the age of 40. The disease proceeds with a violation of logical thinking and perception, apathy, amnesia.

Alzheimer's disease

This degenerative disease of the brain, characterized by a progressive decline in intelligence. It appears after 50 years. The reasons are not known. Symptoms of the disease are manifold: gradual decrease in memory and attention, violation of thinking processes and learning ability, disorientation in time and space, difficulties in communication, personality changes. Symptoms progress and lead to dementia.

Dementia caused by hydrocephalus

It is characterized by the expansion of the ventricles of the brain. There are violations of memory and thinking, apathy, convulsive seizures, which leads to dementia. Surgical intervention allows you to alleviate all of these symptoms. The reason is hydrocephalus of the brain.

The psychosis of "parasites"

Patients suffering from this rare form of psychosis, it seems that they were attacked by parasites that crawl under the skin and try to get out through the pores.

Premature frustration

People usually suffer at the age of 40-60 years. Her symptoms are a decline in vitality. Exhaustion, apathy, depression. The disease is characterized by periods of exacerbations and remissions.

According to statistics, people over the age of 65 often commit suicide in a state of deep depression that has nothing to do with pathological processes in the brain.

 

Related:
1. Psychosomatic diseases
2. Multiple sclerosis
3. Speech disorders
4. Cyclothymia
5. Schizophrenia