Acute abdominal pain

Medicine1

Pain in the abdomen is the most common malaise. Most often, the sudden pain is acute. Usually, pain occurs when the pressure in the hollow organs of the abdominal cavity increases, primarily in the intestine. Pain can occur due to the expansion of the tumor capsule and intense muscle contractions - such pain is called visceral. The usual manifestation of visceral pain is colic. In patients, the pain is felt along the midline of the abdomen, but they usually can not show the exact place of pain localization. Often, pain in the abdomen is accompanied by anxiety, vomiting and severe sweating. Unlike visceral pain, when a parietal pain occurs, a person feels a desire for absolute rest. Parietal pain occurs with irritation of the walls of the abdominal cavity - these are dull, long pains with clear boundaries.

Causes of acute pain in the abdomen

In the abdominal cavity are many different organs (stomach, small and large intestine, pancreas, gall bladder, in women - ovaries and fallopian tubes), in violation of the function which can cause severe pain. However, abdominal pain can also occur with diseases of organs not located in the abdominal cavity, such as the kidneys. In addition, abdominal pain is possible with diarrhea and other digestive disorders.

Acute abdominal pain occurs when:

  • Diarrhea;
  • Ulcers;
  • Appendicitis;
  • Retention of the contents of the abdominal cavity in the hernia gates;
  • Inflammation of the intestines;
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy.

Pain with appendicitis

A common cause of abdominal pain is acute appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix of the cecum). First the pains appear at the top of the abdomen, then the lower abdomen on the right side begins to hurt, where the appendix is. Simultaneously, nausea, vomiting may occur, the body temperature may rise, and the general condition of the patient may worsen. In this case, you need to call an emergency medical service immediately. Another possible cause of abdominal pain is peptic ulcer of the stomach or duodenum. Severe abdominal pain is possible with pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas). A common cause of pancreatitis is alcohol abuse. Pain in the right side of the upper abdominal cavity may occur with cholelithiasis and other diseases of the gallbladder.

Inguinal hernia

Sudden pains in the lower abdomen occur with inguinal hernia, when the abdominal cavity organs are restrained in the hernia gates.

Treatment of acute pain in the abdomen

Pain in the abdomen is forbidden to eat. The patient is given a dropper in the hospital. In some cases, for example, with appendicitis, an urgent operation is performed. If abdominal pain is caused by cholelithiasis, then certain medications are administered to the patient to reduce pain. Sometimes, with diarrhea caused by taking low-quality food, it is enough to compensate for the lack of fluid and electrolytes with drinks or to apply infusion therapy. In severe cases of bacterial infections, antibiotics are prescribed.

 

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