To the most frequent disturbances of sleep physicians refer to insomnia, which is based on:
- Difficulty falling asleep;
- Discontinuity of night sleep;
- Early awakening.
Manifestations of insomnia can be different - from prolonged surface drowsiness and periods of deep sleep, occasionally interrupted by awakenings, to persistent wakefulness. In severe cases, the person completely disappears from a night's sleep. All patients claim that insomnia is an unpleasant, painful condition. The consequences of this spent night - fatigue, headache, decreased efficiency, lethargy, irritability. Chronic insomnia is a serious disorder. Often, patients suffering from it, start taking sleeping pills, gradually increasing their dose. Self-medication is extremely dangerous, since in some cases, hypnotics lead to addiction and addiction!
Causes of sleep disorders
Insomnia is the result of unpleasant experiences, ailments, unhealthy lifestyle or a symptom of a disease.
The most common cause of sleep disorders are mental crises caused by uncertainty in the future, loss of a loved one, family troubles and other life challenges, and abuse of substances acting on the central nervous system.
The second, somewhat less common cause is the abuse of substances acting on the central nervous system (caffeine, nicotine, alcohol), as well as drugs that contribute to weight loss. All these substances and drugs stimulate the metabolism, as well as the activity of the heart and circulatory system, or slow them down. Thus, they "mislead" the autonomic nervous system that regulates the processes occurring in the human body, as a result of which it loses its ability to "put it to sleep."
Sleep disorders can be the result of some organic diseases, for example, inflammation of the nerves, circulatory disorders, heart failure, angina, Basedov's disease (thyrotoxicosis). Insomnia is caused by pains in the stomach and intestines, coughing, frequent urge to urinate (for example, with diseases of the prostate gland).
Violation of the stereotype of sleep is also facilitated by shift work, night duty, sitting up late at the desk, computer.
Sleep disorders are observed in mental illnesses, such as: deep depression, schizophrenia or cerebral arteriosclerosis. Patients suffering from these diseases must be treated by a doctor!
Noise and insomnia
Noise is an important factor causing sleep disturbances. Every year, the noise level increases, in connection with which each person should show respect for the rest of others.
Eating before bedtime
In the evening you should eat no later than one hour before bedtime. Supper should be uninvited and easily assimilated. It is recommended not to eat green vegetables, sauerkraut, fatty foods, onions, flour products, cottage cheese and cheese. But to go to sleep on an "empty stomach" also does not follow.
Duration of sleep
In different periods of life, the duration of a person's sleep is not the same. In newborns, periods of sleep and wakefulness often alternate. During the first months the duration of their sleep decreases from 17 to 13 hours. Adults sleep an average of 8 hours, but sometimes they are enough 4-5 hours. Many body functions, for example, body temperature, metabolism, blood and urine production, have an individual inherited daily rhythm.
The elder people suffer most from sleep disorders. Older, lonely people often complain about early awakening and the inability to fall asleep again. However, in reality, such a violation of sleep is false and is explained by the fact that these people very early go to sleep, and their early awakening is considered a symptom of the disease.
Tips for sleep disorders
- Try to find out and eliminate the causes of your insomnia, for example, by changing your habits or lifestyle.
- For chronic sleep disorders, you should see a doctor.
- Avoid taking strong sleeping pills. It is better to drink tea from hops or roots of valerian, take a warm bath or put a compress on the shins.