Urology

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

The urinary tract system consists of the kidneys, two ureters, the bladder and the urethra. Urinary tract infections: cystitis (inflammation of the bladder), pyelitis (inflammation of the renal pelvis) and urethritis (inflammation of the urethra). Symptoms of a urinary tract infection Frequent and painful urination. Pulsating pain in the side, in the kidney area. Burning with urination. Blood in the urine. Increased body temperature. Causes of Urinary Tract Infection Typically, the infection of the urinary tract is caused by bacteria from the intestinal microflora that enter the urethra and enter it into the bladder. Inflammation is possible with hypothermia, bacterial...

Kidney Stones (Urolithiasis) - Symptoms and Diagnosis

The bladder is a hollow muscular body covered with a mucous membrane and located in the cavity of the small pelvis. The bladder can hold about 700-800 ml of urine. Urine is excreted from the body by the urethra. Sometimes the solid particles contained in the urine coalesce with each other. Often at the beginning of the disease, so-called "sand" is formed - a precipitate of crystals of uric acid, which can be seen in the urine with the naked eye. So formations are formed, which are called "bladder stones". Sometimes a stone can reach the size of a chicken egg. In this case, its spontaneous excretion from the body is impossible. Symptoms of urolithiasis Pain in the lower abdomen....

Urinary Disorders - Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

Urination or dysuria may result from too frequent urination or urinary incontinence (more common in children), an increase or decrease in the amount of urine, tenderness or difficulty in urinating, involuntary urination or the inability to completely empty the bladder, also a urinary retention or absolute human inability to Emptying with a full bladder. Symptoms of urination disorder Frequent urination. Painful urination, pain in the bladder. Constant release of urine dropwise. Inability to completely empty the bladder. Involuntary urination. Night enuresis. Causes of urination disorders The causes of urination disorders depend on the nature of the disease. Sometimes they are...

Poisoning by Urine

Uremia (self-poisoning by urine) is not a disease, but a pathological condition caused by renal insufficiency that has arisen due to a number of reasons. Chronic uremia develops with the accumulation of poisonous metabolic products in the body due to impaired urine output. Usually, metabolic products are excreted from the body with urine. If the kidneys are disturbed, these substances, as well as water, remain in the body. This leads to the accumulation of water in the subcutaneous tissue and the development of edema. In the blood, the content of toxic slags increases, water-salt metabolism and acid-base balance are disrupted (so-called acidosis is observed). Because of this, uraemia occurs....

BPH (Enlarged Prostate): What Is It & What Causes It?

In modern medicine, the proliferation of the prostate gland due to active tissue growth is called prostate adenoma. Although some "with experience" and patients in the age group still use terms such as prostate adenoma or urinary retention. For the sake of justice, we note that this name has one more synonym: benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In any case, the essence of the ailment lies in increasing the size of the prostate, which leads to the appearance in it of nodes that interfere with normal urination. Benign character implies the absence of metastases, which distinguishes the disease from oncological disease of the prostate gland. Adenoma of the prostate is rightly considered a...