The urinary tract system consists of the kidneys, two ureters, the bladder and the urethra. Urinary tract infections: cystitis (inflammation of the bladder), pyelitis (inflammation of the renal pelvis) and urethritis (inflammation of the urethra).
Symptoms of a urinary tract infection
- Frequent and painful urination.
- Pulsating pain in the side, in the kidney area.
- Burning with urination.
- Blood in the urine.
- Increased body temperature.
Causes of Urinary Tract Infection
Typically, the infection of the urinary tract is caused by bacteria from the intestinal microflora that enter the urethra and enter it into the bladder. Inflammation is possible with hypothermia, bacterial infection during sexual intercourse, acute viral infection. With recurrent cystitis, congenital anomalies of the urinary tract, prostate enlargement, uterine prolapse, often causing urinary dysfunction, can be assumed. When the urine retention in the bladder creates favorable conditions for the propagation of pathogens. Inflammation of the renal pelvis (pyelitis) can provoke nephrolithiasis and an outflow of urine.
Treatment of urinary tract infection
Urinary tract infections are treated with antibiotics. In the presence of inflammation and renal pelvis before treatment determine the causative agent of the disease, which provides the possibility of prescribing antibiotics of purposeful action that affect precisely these pathogens.
Supercooling of the legs and the lower part of the trunk should be avoided. This is especially important for girls and young women. If the disease has already begun, you need to use a lot of fluid to "wash" the urinary tract.
If the temperature is raised or the symptoms do not go away within three days, you should consult a doctor.
Based on the symptoms characteristic of this disease, it is not difficult to diagnose infections of the urinary tract. The diagnosis is confirmed after urinalysis. When pyelit, the doctor will do a blood test. After passing a 10-14-day course of treatment, a second blood and urine sample is taken. With a recurrent infection, the doctor will perform special studies to determine its cause, as well as to identify possible abnormalities of the urinary tract.
Course of the disease
The disease can be asymptomatic and it is determined by accident. However, usually the symptoms of inflammation of the urethra are: frequent urination, swelling of the urethra, pain, uncomfortable burning sensation when urinating. For acute cystitis are characterized by: burning pain with urination, frequent and painful urination. In addition, in the last drops of urine there is an admixture of blood.
Inflammation of the bladder can spread and cover one kidney (both kidneys are relatively infrequent). In this case, the temperature rises, there is pain in the side, vomiting is possible. Symptoms of irritable bladder syndrome may be absent. In severe cases, pathogens through the blood spread throughout the body and cause urosepsis (blood infection caused by infection of the urinary tract). Usually there is a high fever, there is a chill, the activity of the heart and blood circulation is disrupted. Finally, due to hypovolemic shock, acute renal failure, renal infarction, and life-threatening bleeding can occur.
Is Urinary Tract Infection Dangerous?
Do not neglect the disease. If there is no correct and timely treatment, life-threatening complications may occur.
How to avoid urinary tract infection?
Women are prone to these infections more than men. The female urethra is shorter, so it is easier for pathogens to penetrate into it.
Try to ensure that the pathogens of the infection do not penetrate into the urinary tract. Women should empty the anus after emptying the intestine.