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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Abdominal trauma

In a person with a stomach injury, not only the abdominal wall, but also the spleen, kidneys, stomach, intestine, bladder, diaphragm and pancreas can be damaged. Thick and rectum, bladder, urethra and vagina from blunt abdominal injuries protect the pelvic ring. Despite this, sometimes there are also damages to these organs. Symptoms Rapid pulse, low blood pressure, shock. Stomach pain in the abdomen. Difficult, painful breathing. Sometimes pain in the shoulders. Most often, abdominal injuries occur during road traffic accidents or accidents at the workplace. As a rule, the injuries are obtuse, that is, there are closed injuries without disturbing the integrity of the anterior...

Acoustic Neuroma: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and More

The neuroma of the auditory nerve is a benign tumor of the VIII cranial nerve (pre-collar nerve). The tumor develops from Schwann cells forming the shells of peripheral nerve fibers. Neurinoma of the pre-cochlear nerve is one of the most common brain tumors. This is a non-malignant tumor, it grows slowly and does not destroy tissues, but eventually becomes a threat to the life of the patient. The brain is in the cranium, which, because of its strength, does not expand, and therefore neurinoma, increasing in size, begins to infringe on the underlying tissues. As a result, the brain is increasingly infringed, in connection with which the cerebral circulation and metabolic processes are...

Acromegaly - Symptoms and causes

Acromegaly is an endocrine disease caused by excessive production of growth hormone, mainly in pituitary adenoma. Occurs after the growth of the body. When acromegaly disproportionately increase the limbs, face, etc., as well as some internal organs. Symptoms of acromegaly Disproportionate growth of the forehead, nose, lips, hands, jaws, feet. Impotence, a violation of sexual desire in men. Absence of menstruation in women. Headaches and pains in the limbs. Darker skin, excessive growth of hair on the body. Causes of acromegaly At the end of XIX century. The first hypothesis was that the cause of acromegaly may be pituitary disease. At present, this hypothesis is confirmed....

Actinomycosis: etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment

Actinomycosis refers to primary chronic infections caused by radiant fungi - actinomycetes. Most often these fungi affect the gums, tonsils, teeth and cause severe inflammation with the formation of dense infiltrates, which are then suppressed. When pus breaks through the skin, multiple fistulas arise. In addition, actinomycosis can affect pulmonary and intestinal tissues. Symptoms Swelling in the mucous membrane of the mouth, inflammation, the appearance of sores in the mouth. Education of abscesses. After some time through the fistula pus comes out. When the lungs are affected - chest pain and purulent sputum. When infection of the intestine - pain, vomiting, diarrhea or...

Acute gout attacks: Pain relief

One of the most widespread joint diseases is gout. This disease is associated with metabolism disorder, which causes deposits of uric acid in joints – white powder. Previously, it was thought that only wealthy people can be affected by gout, since they could afford themselves a lot of foot and alcohol. But now it’s proved that any person can suffer from gout. The disease mostly affects middle-aged men. CAUSES Gout doesn’t occur without a reason. Heredity regarded as the basic factor of the disease occurrence. All other things are just supportive causes of signs of the disease. They are: other diseases that cause dysfunction of kidneys and liver; overweight; alcohol abuse;...

Acute Kidney Failure: Causes, Risk Factors & Symptoms

What is acute renal failure? The human kidney secrete about 1500 ml of urine during the day, which is excreted through the urinary tract. The substances in the urine can be removed from the body only in this way. Urea is the final product of protein metabolism; Uric acid is the final product of purine metabolism; Creatinine is one of the natural metabolites formed in muscles from creatine and creatine phosphate. If, due to various reasons, there is a violation of urine output, the nitrogen-containing substances that are formed are not eliminated from the body. If this disorder occurs suddenly, it is called acute renal failure. Symptoms of acute renal failure A strong decrease in...

Acute Lung Injury: Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, and Treatment

With lung injuries, compression, tearing or even rupture of the lung occurs. Usually, such injuries are severe and dangerous. Since the pleural cavity begins to accumulate air or blood, the lung falls off. Due to the negative pressure in the pleural cavity, the lungs follow the enlarged chest and expand at the same time. Symptoms Sudden stitching pain in chest. Dyspnea. A loud sound when tapping a damaged half of the chest. Breathing is not audible. When breathing, the chest does not rise. Causes of injury Lungs can be damaged as a result of external factors, most often an accident, as well as an explosion, a shot, a knife or the like. From the inside, the lung is usually...

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Survival, Treatments, and More

Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is characterized by degeneration of lymphoblasts - immature blood cells that are contained in the bone marrow and thymus gland. Lymphocytes are one of the types of white blood cells that enter the bloodstream through the lymphatic vessels. In acute lymphatic leukemia, the same symptoms appear as in acute myelogenous leukemia: bleeding, pallor, fever against a background of frequent infections, enlargement of the lymph nodes and spleen. Often as a result of the CNS lesion, the patient develops headaches, vomiting, irritability. This disease can be of 4 types: about 1/4 of all patients suffer from B-cell ALL, about 20% to T-cell ALL, the rest - ALL from...

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML): Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

The basis of acute myelogenous leukemia is uncontrolled proliferation of leukocytes (myeloid cells - myeloblasts, promyelocytes). The most common symptom is bleeding (nasal, internal, cutaneous) and other hemorrhagic manifestations. The person is very pale, he has a high body temperature. There are also pains in the bones, joints and limbs. Sometimes the disease develops gradually: the patient's condition worsens gradually, weakness grows, and a confusion of consciousness is noted. This pathology affects people of different ages, but most often individuals who have reached 40-50 years. Symptoms Hematomas. Pallor. Nose bleed. Increased body temperature. Sometimes pain in the bones...

Acute Myocardial Infarction: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis

Myocardial infarction is a heart disease caused by acute insufficiency of its blood supply, with the emergence of a foci of necrosis in the heart. As a result of the accumulation in the walls of substances with a high content of proteins and blood fats, the conductivity of the coronary vessels of the heart gradually decreases, so the myocardium constantly receives too little oxygen. The blood vessels supplying the heart muscle become brittle, their lumen narrowing. With sudden increases in physical or psychological load, the need for oxygen increases, and the reduction of the altered blood vessels can reach a critical limit, further reducing blood flow. At this time, myocardial...

Acute Respiratory Infection: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Acute respiratory viral infection (ARVI) is a term that covers all diseases of the respiratory tract caused by viruses. Usually, this infection, often called a cold, manifests as a runny nose, sore throat, cough, a slight increase in temperature and passes without any serious complications. The most common acute respiratory viral infection is influenza. Symptoms Coryza. Cough. Inflammation of the eyes. Pain in the throat. Headache. Temperature increase. Pain in the extremities. The course of the majority of acute respiratory infections is as follows: first there is chills, sneezing, the head becomes "heavy", the mucous membranes (nose and throat) swell, nasal breathing is...

Addison's disease Symptoms and causes

Addison's disease is a very rare disease characterized by inadequate secretion of corticosteroid hormones by the adrenal glands. However, when treating with hormones, the patient's condition can be stabilized, and the disease does not progress. The truth in severe cases of a patient's life can be threatened. The weakened function of the cortical layer of the adrenal glands is a violation of the function of the adrenal glands, in which a small amount of hormones are produced in the cortical layer, and adrenal insufficiency is manifested. The disease can be acute and chronic (it is the chronic course of the disease and is called Addison's disease). Symptoms of Addison's Disease...

Adrenal gland hyperfunction Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments

Endocrinology Hyperfunction of the adrenal glands The adrenal glands are the endocrine glands located above the kidneys. Each gland consists of an external cortical and inner medulla. In the outer layer, important groups of hormones are produced: Mineralocorticoids (aldosterone, deoxycorticosterone, etc.) are involved in the regulation of mineral metabolism. Glucocorticoids (cortisone, cortisol, corticosterone). Affect the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, inhibit the inflammatory reaction, have an antiallergic effect, control the reaction to stress. Androgens, or male sex hormones, are necessary for both the female and the male body. In the embryonic period, they...

Adrenogenital syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Course of the disease

Adrenogenital syndrome (ACS) is a congenital pathological condition caused by dysfunction of the adrenal cortex with excessive secretion of androgens and is manifested by signs of virilization. Adrenogenital syndrome occurs if the adrenal cortex begins to produce too many male sex hormones. Violation of this function can be congenital or acquired. Symptoms of adrenogenital syndrome In boys: premature puberty; Excessive growth of muscle mass. In girls: premature puberty; Development of the male type. In men: excessive hair loss and increased muscle mass; Baldness, pimples; Lower voice, In women, the symptoms are more pronounced: an enlarged clitoris, a small chest. Causes of...

Albinism: Causes, Types & Symptoms

Albinism is a congenital deficiency or lack of pigment in the body. This rare hereditary disease manifests itself from birth. The albinos have very light, pale pink skin, very blond hair and a light iris of the eyes. There are full and partial albinism. Full albinism - there is no production of melanin. Partial albinism (albinismus partialis) - melanin deficiency is observed in certain parts of the body, which is manifested by light pink or white spots on the skin, in the hair can be completely white strands. Symptoms of albinism Pale pink skin color. Blonde hair. Bright iris of the eyes. Hypersensitivity to light. The causes of albinism Albinism is a hereditary disease that...

Alcohol Abuse Symptoms, Signs and Addiction Treatment

Alcoholism - a chronic disease caused by the systematic use of alcoholic beverages, characterized by an attraction to them and leading to mental and physical disorders. According to the definition of the World Health Organization (WHO), an alcoholic is a person who is dependent on alcohol, with mental and physical disorders, which has violated social and social ties. Alcoholism is a very serious illness. In our country every alcoholic has the right to treatment. Symptoms of alcoholism Constant need for alcohol. Uncontrolled drinking. Impaired memory and consciousness. Lesion of organs, for example, cirrhosis of the liver, gastritis, acute pancreatitis, cardiovascular diseases....

Allergic Arthritis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Allergic arthritis is joint inflammation which is caused by organism reaction to foreign bodies. In this case any subject might be as an allergen.  Most of all, allergic arthritis attacks one joint, but in some cases inflammation may occur in several joints. The specificity of the disorder is possibility to quick and fast treatment. INFECTION AS ALLERGY’S COMPANION Allergic arthritis has a variety form – allergic infectious arthritis which may be caused by penetration of infection. Allergic infectious arthritis is subdivided into toxic-allergic (penetration through breathing passages) and bacterial-metastatic (through skin). Allergic infectious arthritis may be simply treated, as...

Alzheimer's disease - Symptoms and causes

Alzheimer's disease - is an incurable disease of the central nervous system of the degenerative type. It is characterized by loss of memory, speech, logic and other mental faculties, which happens all the time. This disease is most common in elderly people: according to statistics, the risk of Alzheimer's disease increases significantly in people after 65 years of age. At the same time, this disease is considered to date one of the most widespread causes of dementia in older people. This disease of one person becomes a very significant burden for the rest of the family. For today, the exact causes of the onset of this disease are not known for sure, but Alzheimer's is generally considered a...

Amoebiasis - symptoms, causes, diagnosis, Amoebiasis treatment

Infectious Diseases Amoebiasis (amoebic dysentery) Amoebic dysentery or amoebiasis is a parasitic disease caused by a histological amoeba and characterized by ulcerative lesions of the large intestine. The causative agents of the disease are amoebae. These are single-celled organisms about 0.02 mm in size, affecting the mucosa of the colon. Amoebas that cause dysentery can only reproduce in the intestine. The life cycle of the histological amoeba consists of two stages - the vegetative and the resting stages, replacing each other depending on the conditions of the habitat. In the human body, the amoeba falls in the form of cysts. Having penetrated into the digestive tract, the cysts...

Amyloidosis: Symptoms, Treatments, Prognosis, Causes

Amyloidosis is a disease in which a special substance - amyloid - is formed and deposited in various organs, including kidneys. Amyloid is a complex protein - a glucoprotein. It consists of 75 different amino acids, a small amount of carbohydrates, lipids and other substances. Amino acid composition of amyloid differs from the composition of tissue and serum proteins. Amyloid includes thin fibers, fibrils, and an unstructured mass. In the parenchymal organs, it is deposited mainly peri-reticularly, in other cases - pericollagenic. Amyloid is firmly bound to tissue elements and is resistant to the action of enzymes. Amyloidosis of the kidney is observed in 1-2% of nephrologic patients,...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis - Symptoms and causes

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a disease in which the motor neurons of the cerebral cortex are affected, as well as the pyramidal tract and peripheral nerves. There are paralysis of muscles. In contrast to multiple sclerosis with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, motor disorders are not accompanied by loss of sensitivity. The disease is slowly progressing. First, the muscles begin to weaken. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis affects men three times more often than women. Usually, the disease occurs at the age of 40-60 years in 4-5 people for every 100 thousand people. All human movements control the brain. The electrical impulses sent by the cerebral cortex through the spinal cord and the...

Anal Itching: Treatment, Symptoms, Causes & Medication

The back passage (the end part of the digestive canal, which serves to remove undigested food from the body) is a sensitive part of the body. The pathological condition, characterized by persistent itching in the region of the anus, occurs quite often. If there is severe itching, which may be a symptom of having a serious illness, you need to see a doctor who will determine the cause of the itching, and if necessary, prescribe a treatment and recommend an ointment that reduces itching. Causes of itching in the anus If children complain of itching in the anus, it is often caused by a helminthic infection. Pathogen - helminths, in particular, pinworms - small whitish nematodes about 1...

Aneurysm: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis

Aneurysm - this is a different magnitude and form of expansion and protrusion of the outside of the walls of the arteries. At the heart of the pathology is the weakening of the elastic properties of the vascular walls. Aneurysms of the thoracic and abdominal aorta are especially common. Causes The main cause of this pathology is atherosclerosis. In 95% of cases, the cause of aneurysms of the abdominal aorta is atherosclerosis of the aortic walls. Sometimes aneurysms of the thoracic aorta are caused by inflammatory changes observed, for example, with syphilis. Expansion of the walls of the vessels arise from injuries, in which the aortic wall is damaged, as well as due to myocardial...

Angina pectoris: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Angina pectoris (or angina pectoris) is a sudden lack of oxygen in the heart muscle due to the narrowing of the coronary arteries of the heart. This shortage, observed, mainly during a physical or emotional load, is the cause of the retrosternal pain of a compressive or pressing nature. In addition, the feeling of tightness in the chest, which occurs during an attack, often causes a person a sense of fear. Symptoms Pain radiating to the hands, neck or stomach. Dyspnea. Sensation of chest tightness. Fear. Causes Blood supply to the heart muscle (myocardium) is carried out by the coronary arteries. When they narrow, the blood supply to the heart muscle becomes insufficient. As a...

Angina: Treatment, causes, and symptoms

Angina, or tonsillitis is an acute inflammation of the tonsils. Palatine tonsils are paired formations consisting of lymphoid tissue, which together with pharyngeal and lingual tonsils form a lymphoepithelial ring (the Pirogov-Valdeier ring). Symptoms of tonsillitis are sore throat, worse when swallowing, fever, chills. Cervical lymph nodes are also affected; They are enlarged and painful. There is reddening of the tonsils, sometimes a plaque appears on them. The contagiousness of this disease is not very high. Symptoms Increased body temperature and chills. Pain in the throat. Purulent raid on palatine tonsils and pharynx. Redness of palatine tonsils. Enlarged, painful cervical...

Anorexia nervosa - Symptoms and causes

Anorexia nervosa is a disease characterized by eating disorders. Patients (mostly women) are distinguished by a mental disorder expressed in a distorted perception of their own body, and even if they have normal weight indices, they still tend to lose weight and are very afraid of completeness. This causes a person to severely limit themselves in nutrition. In 95% of cases, anorexic nervosa affects women, and most often the first manifestations of the disease appear in adolescence. Less often, the disease manifests itself in adulthood. Anorexia affects representatives of wealthy segments of the population, usually young girls or unemployed young women, the number of cases in Western Europe...

Anthrax Symptoms, Vaccine, Treatment, and Transmission

Anthrax is an acute infectious disease from a group of bacterial zoonoses that occurs in the cutaneous or generalized form, depending on the site of the pathogen. This disease should be notified to the competent health authorities. The causative agent is a gram-positive fixed spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. The bacillus forms spores that can persist in the soil for decades. Symptoms Three forms of the disease are typical for a person. Skin Form Vesicles, edema, carbuncle. Heat. Observe in 95% of patients. Pathogens penetrate through the lesions on the skin. After 1-3 days, a red spot appears on the site of the pathogen introduction, which turns into a papule, the...

Arrhythmias (Heart Rhythm Disorders): Causes, Symptoms, and Types

Parts of the heart regularly contract and relax. At first the atria contract, then the ventricles. This sequence is called the heart rhythm. In the heart are intracardial mechanisms of rhythm regulation. External regulation of heart function is conditioned by the activity of the autonomic nervous system and humoral factors. Violation of the heart rhythm leads to a disorder of the heart. Disturbances can be different: decrease in heart rate - bradycardia; Heart palpitations - tachycardia; Violation of the frequency or sequence of contractions - arrhythmia. Symptoms Attacks of palpitation. Dizziness. Nausea. Cold sweat. Convulsions. Absence of heartbeats. Cardiopalmus. Causes...

Arthritis Diagnosis and Treatment

Arthritis is the inflammatory process in connective tissue joints.  Disease may affect any joints of big and small sizes. Arthritis occurs with unrecoverable pathological processes in case of ignoring the disease. HOW_TO_TREAT_ARTHRITIS Patient must undergo a full medical before start arthritis treatment. Quality and labs analysis allow making treatment process more effective and complex, since this disease has one more associated disease – rheumatism, hepatitis, lupus etc. Pathology which causes arthritis may have infectious manner. In this case treatment should be directed to this infection.  Also diet, healthy lifestyle, treatment procedures, immune system reinforcement –...

Arthritis Diet | Arthritis-Friendly Diet | Foods for Arthritis

One of the important components of combined treatment is healthy eating. Diet for joint diseases treatment must be planned very responsibly, since some products may seriously harm the whole organism and slow down therapy process. There are products which have quality to reduce the inflammation process in cartilage tissue and stop joint destruction. Healthy eating and diet won’t manage to cure the disease, but can dramatically supply the therapy, and provide patient’s organism with necessary vitamins. WEIGHT_CONTROL There is no special diet for those who suffer from arthritis, if only it is not gout. However, healthy nutrition is necessary. Firstly, it provides organism with vitamins,...

Asperger's Syndrome: Symptoms, Tests, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Schizoid personality disorder (previously this condition was also called schizoid psychopathy) is a condition in which a person has a noticeable decrease in social contacts. People with such a disorder are not emotionally expressive, they are not inclined to have close relations with those who surround them, and sincerely wish to be constantly alone. A person with such a disorder closes in himself, goes into his own fantasy world. Manifestation of schizoid disorder Some features of this disorder gradually appear in the child at the age of three or four. Children with schizoid personality disorders tend to always choose solitary, quiet pursuits, while avoiding active games and direct...

Ateroma: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention

What is atheroma? This is a benign tumor of the skin in the form of a dense formation, usually painless, soldered to the skin, with clear contours. Such tumors are often called adipocytes, because they develop in the duct of the sebaceous gland. Most often, atheromas are localized in places where there are many sebaceous glands: near the ears, on the scalp, on the face, on the chest, on the back between the shoulder blades and in the groin area. These adolescents appear mainly in people aged 20-35 years, more often in men. Symptoms The skin appears bulging in size from 5 mm to 5 cm, usually round in shape, with sharp edges. The color of the tumor usually does not differ much from the...

Atopic Dermatitis Pictures, Treatment, Home Remedies & Causes

Atopic dermatitis is an endogenous chronic inflammatory disease. Often this disease affects children. Children are worried about the constant itching, they have pigmented spots (a typical area of localization - elbows and popliteal folds, inner thighs). In adults, the disease affects the face, the back surface of the neck, the back of the neck, chest and forearms. The affected skin is dry, it often causes lichen on it, inflammatory processes begin. Atopic dermatitis is an incurable disease, but its symptoms can be mitigated. Symptoms Sudden eruptions, usually on the elbows and popliteal folds. Dry skin, itching. Severe redness. These symptoms are accompanied by eczema of the neck,...