Search

ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

CAISSON DISEASE: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

A co-axial disease is a disease that occurs when a rapid transition from an environment with increased pressure to a medium with a lower pressure occurs. The caisson is a waterproof chamber used for underwater work at great depths. Today, diving is becoming an increasingly popular entertainment, so it is not surprising that cases of caisson disease are more common. Symptoms Pressure in the ears, dizziness. Pain in the joints. Rashes on the skin, itching. Fatigue, shortness of breath. Weakness and / or lack of sensitivity in the limbs, Bleeding from the ears and nose. Drowsiness until unconscious. Paralysis. Symptoms of caisson disease are different - from joint pain in the...

Cardiomyopathy: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

The heart is a hollow muscular body the size of a fist, its walls are formed mainly by the transversely striated cardiac muscle. The septum divides the heart into the right and left halves, each of which is formed by the atrium and the ventricle. The direction of blood flow inside the main organ of our circulatory system is controlled by valves. Individual fibers of the heart muscle are connected to the network, the walls of their cells are permeable. Thanks to this, the heart can quickly contract. What are the diseases of the heart muscle? Heart diseases are congenital or acquired diseases that result in a change in the heart muscle. Depending on the reason, the so-called. Idiopathic...

Causes of myeloma and plasmacytoma

lasmacytoma and myeloma are related oncological diseases. With these diseases, plasma cells of the bone marrow - plasmocytes - grow. Plasmacytoma is most often manifested as an isolated tumor of the bone, but sometimes it is also plural. For such lesions, bone destruction is characteristic, and the bone marrow remains untouched. Over time, the plasmacytoma is scattered to many places in the bone marrow and then becomes a myeloma. This disease occurs more often than the plasmacytoma. It affects the cells of the bone marrow of the vertebrae of the spine, ribs, sternum and skull bones. Appear pale pink or gray nodes of tumor tissue, dissolving surrounding bone tissue. Symptoms of the disease...

Causes of paralysis

What is paralysis? All the human muscles are innervated by nerve fibers, which provide muscle contraction exactly when it becomes necessary. Muscle contractions regulate the brain. Impulses through the spinal cord along the conductive pathways of the central nervous system come to these or other muscles. In the walls of hollow organs (for example, the stomach, intestine) are smooth muscles. Meanwhile, the muscles of the skeleton are called transversely striated. The function of smooth muscles is regulated by the autonomic nervous system, their reduction does not depend on the will of man. Paralysis is the loss of the motor function of any muscle or group of muscles due to damage to the...

Causes, symptoms and treatment of neurosis

Cyclotimic personality, epitome personality Asthenic neurosis Hysteria Neuro-like conditions Neurosis (from the Latin neuron - nerve) is a psychogenic disease that arises from external or internal conflicts, as well as the effects of psychotraumatic circumstances. Neurosis is one of the most common diseases in the world. The development of this disease is facilitated by a trauma, however, the most important thing is a certain personality structure. Variety of neurosis symptoms The main symptoms of a neurosis are general ailments, fatigue, weakness, irritability, heart rhythm disturbances, unpleasant sensations in different parts of the body. Complaints of patients with neurosis...

Cellulite: Causes, treatment, and prevention

Cellulitis - inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue, usually non-parasitic, spreading along the course of connective tissue in the intercellular space. For various reasons, the cells of the subcutaneous fat layer can swell strongly, tighten and put pressure on the upper layers of the skin. Connective tissue fibers located between the fat cells are not able to grow so large that they normally retain these fat cells. Therefore, in the affected areas of the skin appear small tubercles, and the skin begins to resemble a quilted blanket. This distinctive symptom of cellulite is easy to see if you lightly squeeze the skin with your fingers. In this case, folds appear, and the skin resembles an...

Cerebral Edema (Brain Swelling): Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment

Cerebral edema is an excessive accumulation of fluid in the brain tissue, clinically manifested by the syndrome of increased intracranial pressure. A general or local edema of the brain is possible. The mechanism of edema (edema) depends on the underlying disease, which was the cause of fluid accumulation. With hydrocephalus, as the volume of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) increases, the pressure in the ventricles increases. At the same time, part of the liquor seeps into the nearby tissues next to the ventricles. Otherwise, edema occurs when brain tissue is damaged due to a lack of oxygen, as a result of which the cellular pump is damaged and more sodium enters the brain cells, followed by...

Chest Pain: Check Your Symptoms and Signs

What is chest pain? The thorax is the upper part of the trunk, which has the shape of a truncated cone. The thoracic cage is formed by the thoracic spine, ribs and sternum. It protects vital organs (heart, lungs), is connected to the skeleton of the upper limbs, participates in the process of breathing. Chest pain is one of the common ailments. Causes of chest pain Causes of chest pain: damage to the chest wall (for example, in trauma), dysfunction of the chest cavity (for example, heart, lungs), diseases of other organs, characterized by pain radiating to the chest. When a person has chest pain, he usually thinks that his heart is hurting. Pain in the chest may be the first...

Cholera: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

A person living in our region and not visiting foreign countries, can be sure that he will not get sick with cholera. However, such a danger arises during travel to the Middle and Far East, Africa or China: in these countries this infectious disease is very common. Cholera is caused by cholera vibrios. Symptoms of the disease: sudden vomiting and diarrhea, low body temperature and thirst. In especially severe cases, the patient loses consciousness. The greatest danger in the disease of cholera is dehydration, because of which blood circulation and kidney function are disrupted. Symptoms Acute painless severe watery diarrhea with vomiting. Strong thirst due to fluid loss. Weakness,...

Cholesteatoma: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Cholesteatoma of the ear is a cavity enclosed by a layer of skin, containing layers of dead skin cells that grow from the middle ear into the mastoid process of the temporal bone, destroying normal tissues as they grow. In fairly rare cases, the cholesteatoma is congenital and affects the temporal bone and the central nervous system of a person. This is a congenital benign tumor that is usually located inside the skull under the cerebral cortex, and between the soft and hard shell of the spinal cord. Meanwhile, the ear's cholesteatoma is formed much later and is acquired. Symptoms and Causes Repetitive inflammation of the middle ear. Permanent deterioration of hearing. Purulent...

Chorea: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Small chorea is a disorder of a neurological origin, manifested by severe impairments of motor functions and psyche. Most girls are sick at the age of 6-15 years. The disease affects the subcortical structures of the brain, especially the striatum. The course of the disease can be hidden, subacute, acute and recurrent. Symptoms Twitching of the striated muscle of the face and body. Violation of coordination of movements. Changes in the psyche. Paralysis. The most important symptoms of small chorea are sudden involuntary irregular movements of limbs, head, trunk and muscle tone decrease. During the excitement, reflex movements increase, and during sleep pass. There may be changes...

Chronic kidney disease: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

What is chronic renal failure? Chronic kidney failure usually develops due to a gradual decrease in kidney function. Often patients do not immediately notice the weakening of kidney function, because the symptoms of the disease for a long time are either absent or mild. Symptoms of beginning chronic renal failure may be as follows: increased thirst, frequent urge to urinate, pallor of the skin, rapid fatigue, impaired appetite, vomiting. Later, there are more serious symptoms: shortness of breath, diarrhea, anemia, edema of the digestive tract and genital organs, neuropathy, impotence and even a coma, dangerous for the patient's life. All these symptoms occur when the water-salt...

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia - Symptoms and causes

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) - a benign tumor of the lymphoid tissue, which is based on morphologically mature lymphocytes. CLL mature lymphoid cells of the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues degenerate into cancer, begin to proliferate, invade the bone marrow and blood. This form of leukemia usually occurs in the elderly, progresses slowly. Symptoms Enlargement of lymph nodes. Lack of appetite, weight loss. Dyspnoea with physical exertion. Feeling of fullness in the stomach. Enlargement of the liver and spleen. Sometimes pinpoint hemorrhage on the skin and mucous membranes. Skin diseases (eg, eczema). The first symptom of the disease is an increase in lymph nodes....

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML): Course of the disease, Symptoms, and Treatment

Chronic myelogenous leukemia is one of the types of leukemia with a predominance of bone marrow elements in the peripheral blood. Myelos from Greek - "bone marrow". The term "leukemia" combines numerous tumors of the hematopoietic system that arise from the blood-forming cells and, as a rule, affect the bone marrow. With respect to all leukemias, the clonal theory of their origin is proven: the development of a tumor from one originally mutated cell. Leukemia can be treated as a group of benign and malignant tumors. There are changes in the white blood. The number of white blood cells varies considerably, more often than not. In 1 mm cube. Blood of a healthy person contains 5-8 thousand...

Clavicle Fracture | Symptoms, causes & treatment explained

The clavicle is a small tubular bone of S-shape. It plays an important role in the device of the hand, since it is the only bone of the trunk that connects to the scapula. In case of a fracture of the clavicle, the patient can move his arm, but at the same time he experiences severe pain. Symptoms Pain when moving by hand. Inability to move a hand. Swelling in the shoulder area. Sometimes friction of fragments against each other is accompanied by a characteristic sound. This trauma occurs when falling on an elongated arm, shoulder joint or as a result of a strong impact. The patient can not raise his hand, makes sparing movements. On the site of the fracture appears swelling....

Cluster Headaches: Headache Behind the Eyes Symptoms, Treatment

Cluster headache is a seizure of a one-sided intense headache, which is manifested by a series of seizures in a limited period of time (from 2 weeks to 3 months) followed by a prolonged remission. Attacks last from 15 minutes to 3 hours and are repeated several times a day, often at night. During the attack, sweating, redness of the skin, runny nose, lacrimation, dilated pupil, redness and swelling of the eye on the affected side, nausea. At the height of an attack there may be periods of apnea. Symptoms One-sided headache of temporo-ocular localization, sometimes extending to the frontal and occipital parts of the head. Attacks of pain occur mainly at night. Seizures go in a series...

Colon cancer: Symptoms, causes, and treatment

From the small intestine, undigested and unutilized remains of food pulp enter the colon. Here, by dehydrating the pulp, stool masses are formed. Muscles of the large intestine push them into the rectum. Almost half of all cancers of the digestive tract are cancer of the large intestine (more precisely, three of its departments - the ascending, horizontal and descending colon). Men suffer from this most dangerous pathology less often than women. Usually, this disease manifests itself in people aged 60-70 years, in the overwhelming majority of cases - in the inhabitants of cities with a sedentary lifestyle, eating large amounts of meat, and also suffering from frequent constipation. At the...

Common Causes of Acute Abdominal Pain

Pain in the abdomen is the most common malaise. Most often, the sudden pain is acute. Usually, pain occurs when the pressure in the hollow organs of the abdominal cavity increases, primarily in the intestine. Pain can occur due to the expansion of the tumor capsule and intense muscle contractions - such pain is called visceral. The usual manifestation of visceral pain is colic. In patients, the pain is felt along the midline of the abdomen, but they usually can not show the exact place of pain localization. Often, pain in the abdomen is accompanied by anxiety, vomiting and severe sweating. Unlike visceral pain, when a parietal pain occurs, a person feels a desire for absolute rest. Parietal...

Common cold - Symptoms and causes

As folk wisdom says, the runny nose is not a disease, with appropriate treatment it passes for a week, and in the absence of treatment - for seven days. Rhinitis is a condition in which the mucous membrane, due to inflammation, produces more secretion, the excess of this secret begins to be released through the nose. Acute coryza is often the first symptom of various colds (for example, colds, measles, flu, pertussis, etc.). In addition to acute, there are also chronic and allergic rhinitis. Symptoms Deterioration of general well-being. Burning and tickling in the nose. Deterioration of nasal breathing. First a transparent and then a purulent secret is allocated. Edemas or inflamed...

Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

With some diseases, there is a violation of the heart. The pathological condition caused by the incompetence of the heart as a pump that provides blood supply to tissues and organs is called heart failure. Heart failure is not an independent disease, but a consequence of various disorders, due to which the heart can not push into the artery sufficient for normal metabolism of blood or take blood from the veins. With heart failure during exercise, heart function does not increase (reduced stroke volume), ventricular failure develops. As a result, the heart can develop reverse blood flow, accompanied by an overflow of the lungs and liver blood. Heart failure may be right ventricular, left...

Constipation: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

What is constipation? The frequency of stools in healthy people is very individual. Normal is considered empty bowel 1-2 times a day, some more often, which is also perfectly normal. In others, bowel movement occurs every second or third laziness, with usually no detectable painful changes. Constipation is a condition in which the frequency of bowel emptying that is usual for a person is violated, defecation becomes possible only with the intake of laxatives, while a small amount of solid feces is released. Constipation is divided into: Sharp. Chronic. Temporary. Due to the expansion of the large intestine. Mental causes of constipation The mental state of a person...

Contact Dermatitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Contact dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by mechanical, physical or chemical irritants as a result of direct contact. Allergic dermatitis, as a rule, manifests itself not immediately, but after a few hours after irritation. Various substances can cause an allergic reaction, for example: Chemicals. Cleaners and detergents, washing powders. Cosmetics, clothing and medicines. Synthetic ointments. Machine oil. Metals. There is a change in affected areas of the skin: redness appears, bubbles, crusts are formed. Often on the changed skin there is a wet eczema, sometimes when scratching the damaged tissues also begin to get wet. Increases the risk of infection....

Cough: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

What is a cough? Coughing is a complex reflex response of the body caused by irritation of the nerve roots mainly of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract, nose and pleura. When you cough out, foreign bodies are pushed out, which are "in the wrong throat". Sputum blood may be a symptom of a serious illness (for example, tuberculosis, lung tumors, pulmonary edema or pulmonary embolism (blockage of blood or lymphatic vessels by gas bubbles, foreign particles (emboli)). Causes of cough The most common cause of cough is caused by irritants, microbes that get into the respiratory tract. There are many diseases of the respiratory tract and lungs, the symptom of which is...

Cretinism - Symptoms, Causes, Pictures and Treatment

Cretinism is an endocrine disease with a disruption of the thyroid function, delay in physical and mental development. Insufficiency of function or absence of a thyroid gland can be congenital. Cretinism can also develop during the growth of a child due to a lack of iodine or thyroid hormone. Symptoms of cretinism Low growth. Thick, big tongue. A flat nose. Mental retardation, idiocy. Causes of cretinism The reasons for the appearance of cretinism are not yet sufficiently investigated. However, it is known that childhood cretinism is manifested due to a lack of iodine in the mother's body. Women with endemic goiter most often give birth to children with disrupted thyroid...

Cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis is a group of infectious diseases characterized by peptic ulceration of the skin and mucous membranes (cutaneous form) or a severe lesion of internal organs (visceral form). The disease is common in tropical and subtropical countries, caused by parasitic protozoa of the genus Leishmania. There are four forms of the disease, depending on the causative agent that caused it: Leishmaniasis cutaneous in the Old World. Leishmaniasis cutaneous of the New World. Skin and mucosa brazilian (espuda). Visceral (kala-azar). There is also diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis - this incurable form of the disease is common in Ethiopia and in Venezuela. On the skin appear knots that...

Cyclothymia: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatments

Cyclotemia - this is a significant mood swings from upbeat to depressed. This is an easy form of manic-depressive psychosis. The phases (depressive and manic) with cyclothymia are less pronounced. The main feature of the course of this manic-depressive psychosis is its periodicity. During the course of life, only the depressive phase or manic phase can be repeated. In addition, the phases can alternate. Known so-called. The dual type of flow: the phases change one another in a row, then the state improves. Cyclotemia usually begins in the spring or autumn. The duration of individual phases of the disease reaches six months. Women suffer more often than men, because they are more prone...

Cystitis - Symptoms and causes

What it is? Cystitis is a disease in which the inflammatory process of the bladder wall occurs. As a rule, with cystitis, its mucous membrane becomes inflamed. This disease of the bladder occurs quite often: as evidenced by medical statistics, cystitis affects about 35% of people between the ages of 20 to 45 years. As a rule, girls and women learn by their own experience about what cystitis is most often. In this case, cystitis in men - a very rare phenomenon. Such features of the disease are due to the anatomical difference in the structure of the genitourinary system in representatives of both sexes. Cystitis in women provokes too little length of the urethra, and also that its opening...