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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Earache: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

It is unlikely that there will be a person who at least once in a lifetime his ears did not hurt. Ear pain can be different: blunt, pulling, pulsating, piercing. Often it is accompanied by the laying of ears. Most often, the cause of pain is an organic disease. The ear is extremely sensitive, so the pain can manifest even if its inflammation is insignificant. Inflammation of the external ear canal (external otitis) or inflammation of the perichondrium (perichonditis) is very painful. Inflammation of the middle ear (otitis) occurs as a result of penetration from the nasopharynx through the auditory tubes of infectious agents. A major role in the occurrence of otitis is played by diseases...

Edema: Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

What is edema? As a result of various disorders of the body's functions, fluid from the blood and lymph vessels can enter the surrounding tissues. Most of this liquid is water, but it also contains a small amount of proteins and other substances. Accumulation of excess fluid in tissues is called edema, or edema. The swelling of the tissues resulting from swelling can be local, as for example in trauma or inflammation, or generalized, which is observed with cardiac or renal insufficiency. Swelling of the soft tissues can appear in any part of the human body. The accumulation of fluid often occurs in the skin, mucous membranes or connective tissue of the body, such swelling is usually...

Elephantiasis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and More

Elephancy (Latin elephantiasis) is a common name for diseases associated with impaired lymph drainage. This disease is a human and some animal species, which is a significant increase in individual parts of the body due to a sharp thickening of the skin and subcutaneous tissue due to chronic inflammation of the lymphatic tract, through which the outflow of lymph from the surrounding tissues, and stagnation of lymph. When elephantiasis is usually affected by the lower and upper limbs, but often edema is observed on the scrotum, breast and vulva. Swelling of the soft tissues can sometimes be very significant. At the beginning of the disease, edema is still treatable, but over time, the skin...

Emaciation: Symptoms, Causes

If within 5-6 months about 10% of the body weight is lost, then this is a serious symptom, which can not be ignored. Causes of thinning Pathological emaciation is a consequence of a number of reasons. The organism can badly digest food because of diseases of the stomach, intestines, liver and pancreas. To weight loss also lead to malignant tumors, infectious diseases, mental disorders and poor nutrition. Suddenly, people who abuse alcohol suffer from sudden weight loss. In the later stages of alcoholism, the body's resistance to infections decreases. Sometimes during puberty, girls lose weight from a strong psychological strain. With helminthiasis, as a result of the invasion...

Embolism - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis

What is embolism? Embolism is a condition in which the lumen of the vessels is blocked by an embolus, that is, a particle brought with a blood stream (a severed thrombus, fat from damaged tissues, or air trapped in a vessel, etc.). Embolism of the pulmonary artery, blood vessels, brain, heart can be the cause of human death. When a blood clot (embolus) enters the artery, it moves along with the blood flow until it gets stuck in the artery with a smaller lumen, thus blocking the bloodstream in it. If a clot of blood clogs the artery, then as a result, supply of tissues with arterial blood is disrupted. Tissues due to the lack of blood supply soon begin to lack oxygen and other important...

Emotional-unstable personality disorder:

Emotionally unstable personality disorder is a condition in which the patient exhibits pronounced impulsiveness, imbalance. It is very difficult for a patient to control such manifestations on his own. People with this disorder are inclined to actions without taking into account their consequences, they always have an unstable mood, and strong affective outbursts can arise because of the smallest reason. According to experts, this disease is observed in 2-5% of the population. More often the disease affects women. Specialists distinguish two types of such disorder: impulsive type and borderline type. Symptoms In patients with an emotionally-unstable personality disorder, the expressed...

Encephalitis

Encephalitis is a group of inflammatory diseases of the brain. The defeat of the brain develops due to the penetration of pathogens (bacteria, viruses or fungi) into the brain tissue. Under their action, changes occur in the brain tissue. Transformations can also be caused by infectious diseases that are not directly related to brain damage. In case of a viral illness, for example, a mole, a so-called encephalic reaction occurs, which is manifested by cerebral edema, impaired consciousness and convulsions. Symptoms observed in this reaction are similar to those of encephalitis, which makes it extremely difficult to diagnose. The most common is viral encephalitis. Viral encephalitis can be...

Endemic goiter - treatment, symptoms, prevention

Endemic goiter is the disease of the whole body, the main symptom of which is the enlargement of the thyroid gland. It is located on the front of the neck, below the larynx. The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system of the body that produces hormones. Getting into the blood, hormones affect the metabolism, growth, nervous system, the general constitution of man, etc. For the production of hormones, the thyroid gland needs iodine, if it is not enough, it increases. Endemic goiter is formed. Over time, there may be nodes (nodular goiter). Treatment is medication, in severe cases - surgical. Symptoms of endemic goiter Thyroid enlargement. Hoarseness and shortness of breath. Edema...

Endocrine ophthalmopathy

Endocrine ophthalmopathy (literally "eye pain") is an eye disease that manifests itself in about 50% of all cases of increased thyroid activity. Until recently, this condition was called endocrine orbitopathy and was considered one of the symptoms of Graves' disease (thyrotoxicosis). However, as it turned out, endocrine ophthalmopathy can manifest itself as an independent disease (even when the function of the thyroid gland is not violated). The main symptom of this disease is a strongly pronounced exophthalmos (pop-eyed). With endocrine ophthalmopathy, the tissue behind the eyeball thickens, causing it to protrude. In this regard, a person rarely blinks, he has pain in his eyes, and in the...

Epilepsy: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and More

Epilepsy is a chronic brain disease characterized by repeated seizures that result from excessive electrical activity of a group of neurons in the brain. The popular name for epilepsy is "falling". When psychomotor attacks occur hallucinations, drowsiness, as well as movement disorders. For generalized epileptic seizures, uncontrollable convulsive muscle contractions and twitching are characteristic. Usually, during such an attack a person loses consciousness and therefore later nothing can remember about the seizure. You can twitch one limb without losing consciousness. During multiple epileptic seizures, the functions of the autonomic nervous system are also disturbed. Heart palpitations...

Erection Problems: Causes, Treatments & Complications

Erectile dysfunction is a concept that denotes the inability of a representative of the stronger sex to have a steady erection necessary for a full sexual intercourse. Erectile dysfunction is more typical for older men, but in the modern world, problems with erection are often noted in young men. There are many different reasons for provoking such problems. If erectile dysfunction occurs periodically, then worry about this is not worth it. However, with constant problems, a man can experience very strong discomfort. The consequence of such problems is a constant stay in a state of stress, deterioration in personal relationships and a serious decrease in self-esteem. Therefore, treatment for...

Erysipelas: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

Eyelid, or traumatic, wound - inflammation of the skin caused by streptococcal bacteria. In the lymphatic system, pathogens are introduced through wounds on the skin. Less often the erysipelas develops from a deeply located inflammatory focus, for example, a furuncle, an abscess or a joint with an abscess or inflammatory lesion. The patient begins fever, there are painful redness and swelling of the skin with clear boundaries. Most often, erysipelas are observed on the hands, face and lower leg. Symptoms High body temperature (up to 40 ° C). Chills. Painful reddening with clear boundaries. On the spot, the skin is edematous and hot. Sometimes bubbles appear. Places of defeat - the...

Erythema multiforme

Erythema multiforme refers to allergic skin diseases. Another name is erythema multiforme. The reasons for its occurrence are not always clear. On the skin of the hands and extensor surfaces of the forearm there are reddish spots. The central part of the rashes acquires a cyanotic shade. The disease begins acutely, more often in the spring or autumn, usually develops against the background of infectious diseases. Symptoms of erythema multiforme Swelling of the skin. Rounded pink-red spots. General weakness. Increased body temperature. Joint pain. Causes of erythema multiforme There are two forms of this disease: idiopathic and symptomatic. The causes of idiopathic exudative...

Eye Cancer: Symptoms and Signs

What are they? Tumors of the eye can be benign (for example, birthmarks, angiomas, neurinomas and adenomas) and malignant. Tumors of the inner and middle shells of the eye The eye shells cover the eyeball with three layers. The inner layer covering the vitreous is the inner shell of the eyeball (retina). Between the inner and outer (fibrous) membranes of the eye is the middle shell, consisting of the iris, ciliary body and vascular membrane. The most common tumor is the inner shell of the eye - retinoblastoma. It has a malignant character and appears already in the first-second year of the life of the child. Parents first of all notice that the fundus of the child seems...