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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Earache

It is unlikely that there will be a person who at least once in a lifetime his ears did not hurt. Ear pain can be different: blunt, pulling, pulsating, piercing. Often it is accompanied by the laying of ears. Most often, the cause of pain is an organic disease. The ear is extremely sensitive, so the pain can manifest even if its inflammation is insignificant. Inflammation of the external ear canal (external otitis) or inflammation of the perichondrium (perichonditis) is very painful. Inflammation of the middle ear (otitis) occurs as a result of penetration from the nasopharynx through the auditory tubes of infectious agents. A major role in the occurrence of otitis is played by diseases...

Elephantiasis

Elephancy (Latin elephantiasis) is a common name for diseases associated with impaired lymph drainage. This disease is a human and some animal species, which is a significant increase in individual parts of the body due to a sharp thickening of the skin and subcutaneous tissue due to chronic inflammation of the lymphatic tract, through which the outflow of lymph from the surrounding tissues, and stagnation of lymph. When elephantiasis is usually affected by the lower and upper limbs, but often edema is observed on the scrotum, breast and vulva. Swelling of the soft tissues can sometimes be very significant. At the beginning of the disease, edema is still treatable, but over time, the skin...

embolism

What is embolism? Embolism is a condition in which the lumen of the vessels is blocked by an embolus, that is, a particle brought with a blood stream (a severed thrombus, fat from damaged tissues, or air trapped in a vessel, etc.). Embolism of the pulmonary artery, blood vessels, brain, heart can be the cause of human death. When a blood clot (embolus) enters the artery, it moves along with the blood flow until it gets stuck in the artery with a smaller lumen, thus blocking the bloodstream in it. If a clot of blood clogs the artery, then as a result, supply of tissues with arterial blood is disrupted. Tissues due to the lack of blood supply soon begin to lack oxygen and other important...

Encephalitis

Encephalitis is a group of inflammatory diseases of the brain. The defeat of the brain develops due to the penetration of pathogens (bacteria, viruses or fungi) into the brain tissue. Under their action, changes occur in the brain tissue. Transformations can also be caused by infectious diseases that are not directly related to brain damage. In case of a viral illness, for example, a mole, a so-called encephalic reaction occurs, which is manifested by cerebral edema, impaired consciousness and convulsions. Symptoms observed in this reaction are similar to those of encephalitis, which makes it extremely difficult to diagnose. The most common is viral encephalitis. Viral encephalitis can be...

Endemic goiter

Endemic goiter is the disease of the whole body, the main symptom of which is the enlargement of the thyroid gland. It is located on the front of the neck, below the larynx. The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system of the body that produces hormones. Getting into the blood, hormones affect the metabolism, growth, nervous system, the general constitution of man, etc. For the production of hormones, the thyroid gland needs iodine, if it is not enough, it increases. Endemic goiter is formed. Over time, there may be nodes (nodular goiter). Treatment is medication, in severe cases - surgical. Symptoms of endemic goiter Thyroid enlargement. Hoarseness and shortness of breath. Edema...

Endocrine ophthalmopathy

Endocrine ophthalmopathy (literally "eye pain") is an eye disease that manifests itself in about 50% of all cases of increased thyroid activity. Until recently, this condition was called endocrine orbitopathy and was considered one of the symptoms of Graves' disease (thyrotoxicosis). However, as it turned out, endocrine ophthalmopathy can manifest itself as an independent disease (even when the function of the thyroid gland is not violated). The main symptom of this disease is a strongly pronounced exophthalmos (pop-eyed). With endocrine ophthalmopathy, the tissue behind the eyeball thickens, causing it to protrude. In this regard, a person rarely blinks, he has pain in his eyes, and in the...

Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a chronic brain disease characterized by repeated seizures that result from excessive electrical activity of a group of neurons in the brain. The popular name for epilepsy is "falling". When psychomotor attacks occur hallucinations, drowsiness, as well as movement disorders. For generalized epileptic seizures, uncontrollable convulsive muscle contractions and twitching are characteristic. Usually, during such an attack a person loses consciousness and therefore later nothing can remember about the seizure. You can twitch one limb without losing consciousness. During multiple epileptic seizures, the functions of the autonomic nervous system are also disturbed. Heart palpitations...

Erysipelas

Eyelid, or traumatic, wound - inflammation of the skin caused by streptococcal bacteria. In the lymphatic system, pathogens are introduced through wounds on the skin. Less often the erysipelas develops from a deeply located inflammatory focus, for example, a furuncle, an abscess or a joint with an abscess or inflammatory lesion. The patient begins fever, there are painful redness and swelling of the skin with clear boundaries. Most often, erysipelas are observed on the hands, face and lower leg. Symptoms High body temperature (up to 40 ° C). Chills. Painful reddening with clear boundaries. On the spot, the skin is edematous and hot. Sometimes bubbles appear. Places of defeat - the...

Erythema multiforme

Erythema multiforme refers to allergic skin diseases. Another name is erythema multiforme. The reasons for its occurrence are not always clear. On the skin of the hands and extensor surfaces of the forearm there are reddish spots. The central part of the rashes acquires a cyanotic shade. The disease begins acutely, more often in the spring or autumn, usually develops against the background of infectious diseases. Symptoms of erythema multiforme Swelling of the skin. Rounded pink-red spots. General weakness. Increased body temperature. Joint pain. Causes of erythema multiforme There are two forms of this disease: idiopathic and symptomatic. The causes of idiopathic exudative...