Search

ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

False urge to defecate

A false urge to defecate arises from convulsive contraction of the muscles of the intestine, accompanied by pains in the abdomen, a feeling of incomplete emptying of the intestine. In this case, a person has a small one-time volume of stools or stools generally absent. Frequent desires for defecation can be with diarrhea. This unpleasant symptom may be a sign of both a not very serious intestinal infection, and many serious diseases. However, false urge to defecate is usually a non-unique symptom of the disease. With frequent urge to defecate, lasting more than 2-3 days, and finding a stool in the blood or pus, you should consult a doctor. Causes of false urge to defecate?...

Feelings of depression

The feeling of depression, total depletion of forces - these are often observed symptoms of various diseases. Symptoms, which are based on increased fatigue, worsening of working capacity, lack of desire to do something, doctors call nonspecific. Often a person also has a bad mood, a headache, he becomes nervous, depressed and irritable. Such a state can arise in everyone. Then simple work seems difficult for a person, and in the end, he starts to get tired even from his thoughts and feelings. Do not think that if you drink a lot of coffee, then you will be active. Excessive consumption of caffeine can cause similar symptoms. If one day you drink coffee less than usual, then suddenly you...

Felon

It is common to call panaricium all forms of purulent inflammation of the tissues of the finger and hand resulting from the infection of minor lesions. Symptoms Redness of the finger. Sensation of pulsation. Pain in the hand when moving with your fingers. Pain when pressing on the tissue surrounding the inflammation. The affected place blushes and swells. The skin is tense, shiny and hot. The patient first feels a throbbing pain at the site of the inflammation, especially if the hand is lowered, then the sensation of pain increases. Due to the special location of the fibers of the connective tissue of the brush, the inflammation can penetrate deeper and affect the subcutaneous...

Feochromocytoma

Pheochromocytoma - a tumor that produces so-called stress hormones - catecholamines (adrenaline, norepinephrine and dopamine). The cells that make up the tumor are localized primarily in the adrenal medulla. Usually, the release of hormones of the adrenal medulla into the large circle of the circulation is regulated by a feedback mechanism. However, with pheochromocytoma, this mechanism ceases to function, as a result of which an excess of hormones are produced all the time; They enter the blood in portions. Due to the fact that adrenaline, norepinephrine and dopamine have a heart, blood pressure rises. The tissues that produce these hormones are found anywhere in the body - in the brain, in...

Fever

What is a fever? When the body temperature rises to 38-39 ° C, it is considered average; When it rises to 39-40.5 ° C - high, and when above 40.5 ° C - this is called hyperthermia (or extremely high temperature). With severe physical exertion, body temperature can rise to 39 ° C, but with a fever this has nothing to do. Fever is not a disease, but a symptom of inflammation, infection, poisoning or some other disease. With a rapid rise in body temperature, chills often appear, accompanied by the appearance of "goosebumps"; Sweating increases. One of the manifestations of fever is the redness of the skin. Children usually fever more than adults, they can even begin febrile...

First aid for drowning

Drowning is a death from hypoxia (acute oxygen starvation), which occurs as a result of closing the respiratory tract with a liquid, most often water. When a person sinks, water enters the upper respiratory tract and expels air. Therefore, first of all, there is a so-called laryngospasm (spasm of vocal folds) - the path to the trachea closes, while respiration stops. Such flooding is called "dry". A person can be drowned in another way ("true" or aspirational flooding). If the victim has been in the water for too long and a significant amount of fluid has entered the respiratory tract, then oxygen starvation occurs, as a result, the vital reflex of stopping breathing does not work, the...

Foot bursitis

The inflammation process of feet joints is the disease which occurs in synovial bursas. Foot bursitis affects Achilles tendon, in this case the disease called – Achilles bursitis. Processes that provoke disease occurrence may have such factors: excessive physical stress; joint deformation due to arthrosis; trauma; birth abnormality of a foot; dysfunction or weak development of ligament connection. There are some external conditions which provokes progression of foot bursitis: wrong footwear; overweight; regular hypothermia. TYPES Experts define several classification units of foot bursitis. The main feature is type of synovial sac, which affected by inflammation (pic)....

Fracture of clavicle

The clavicle is a small tubular bone of S-shape. It plays an important role in the device of the hand, since it is the only bone of the trunk that connects to the scapula. In case of a fracture of the clavicle, the patient can move his arm, but at the same time he experiences severe pain. Symptoms Pain when moving by hand. Inability to move a hand. Swelling in the shoulder area. Sometimes friction of fragments against each other is accompanied by a characteristic sound. This trauma occurs when falling on an elongated arm, shoulder joint or as a result of a strong impact. The patient can not raise his hand, makes sparing movements. On the site of the fracture appears swelling....

Fracture of the neck of the hip

The femur consists of two epiphyses with articular surfaces of the hip and knee joints, as well as the inner diaphysis. The neck of the thigh connects the femur with its head located in the acetabulum of the hip joint. The cervix and diaphysis of the femur form an obtuse angle, which changes with age. In addition, it is in the neck area that an intensive process of decreasing bone mass first begins. Fractures of the femoral neck, which accounts for the static load, very often occur under the influence of external factors (for example, falling, squeezing or punching). Symptoms and Causes Pain in the thigh, worse with the movements of the foot. Impossibility to stand on the damaged...

Frambezia

Yaws are a tropical infectious disease characterized by damage to the skin and bones. Earlier in all tropical regions, especially in Equatorial Africa, in South America and in South Asia, about 50 million people fell ill every year. This disease is more common in children. Symptoms Papules (flat knots) on the skin, reminiscent of raspberries. At a late stage of the disease - changes in the bones (especially the hands and feet), the nasal cavity and pharynx are affected. Primary stage The primary stage of the disease begins 2-8 weeks after infection. On the site of infection (most often on the shin), there is one or more papules that can disappear by themselves in the course of...

Fungal skin infections

Fungi-dermatophytes, affecting the skin, as well as other fungi can live only in a moist and warm environment. Knowing this, it becomes clear why dermatophytes appear in certain parts of the body, for example, between the toes, in the groin area, under the armpit. Symptoms Fungus most often appears between the toes, under the armpit. Itching. Red spots, with scaly edges. Breaking hair. The skin of the head is sprinkled with flour. Brown or white spots on the skin. Causes Fungi that affect the skin, as well as their relatives living on plants, form spores that could be compared to plant seeds. Disputes can remain alive for several years. There are many different ways to...