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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Infectious and allergic arthritis in children

There are 2 subtypes of juvenile arthritis which have allergy causes – typical allergic and infectious allergic. They are needed to differ, since treatment basis depends on contributory causes. The complication of correct diagnosis detection refers to similarity of symptoms. THE DIFFERENCE Allergic Usually allergic arthritis occurs in early childhood. Since, immune development takes place at this age. As a result, first allergic occurrence is lack of immune system, which stops to resist certain irritants such as: food; blooming; animal hair; medical and chemical matters. When allergen gets into organism for the second time, it causes antibody producing which interacts with...

Infectious arthritis

Infectious or septic arthritis is inflammation and severe joint damage, which destroy the joint quickly. This disease is characterized by occurrence of various kinds of infectious agents in joint tissues, for example sepsis. TYPES Infectious arthritis belongs to the big group which contains various infectious and inflammatory types. In modern medicine septic arthritis is divided into 2 types: primary infectious arthritis characterized by influence of disease causing microorganisms on joint cavity, for example infectious knee joint arthritis; secondary septic arthritis is differed by influence of purulent invasion on tissues that located around the joint. CAUSES Infectious arthritis...

Inflammation of renal pelvis

What is inflammation of the renal pelvis? When reproducing bacteria in the urinary tract, inflammation of the urinary tract begins. In adults, these inflammations occur quite often. When urinary tract infection spreads, kidney inflammation occurs. Inflammation of the renal pelvis is a nonspecific infectious disease of the kidneys, affecting the renal parenchyma, pelvis and calyces; Occurs frequently. In acute pyelonephritis, the symptoms are pronounced, with a chronic possible a small number of symptoms or their absence. Women are more prone to this disease than men. Symptoms of inflammation of the renal pelvis Increased body temperature. Pain in the side. Thirst. Exhaustion....

Injections for arthritis treatment

The most common joint disease is arthritis. The manner of the disease contains development of inflammation processes around a joint. Skin starts to redden and swell. Usually arthritis affects 1 joint, but polymeric joint affection is also possible. CLINICAL SPECIFICITY As much as any disease, arthritis has two phases: acute and chronic. Acute phase is characterized by rapid onset and easy-to-treat form without relapse. Chronic phase comes with time, due to background of acute phase and late or improper treatment. Fast progression of symptoms, relapse and complicated treatment are typical for this form of arthritis. CAUSES Main causes of arthritis are: infection which penetrated...

Injuries of internal organs

During accidents, not only external injuries are possible, which are diagnosed at the sight of a wound or an unnatural limb position, but also damage to the internal organs that pose a threat to the life of the victim due to the difficulty in diagnosing them. Sometimes they can be diagnosed only after a considerable time after the injury. When injuries often occur ruptures of internal organs, accompanied by severe internal bleeding. This happens if the internal organs containing large amounts of blood are damaged, for example, the liver, kidneys or spleen. However, there are also traumas in which, as a result of the impact, a severe tissue damage occurs, cells die, and the organ can not...

Injuries of the skull

Trauma of the skull is a mechanical damage to the skull and its contents. They are divided into fractures of the cranial vault and fractures of the base of the skull. Often, traumatic injuries include facial bones. Symptoms Fracture of the cranial vault: Pain when pressing on the skull. Paralysis, convulsions. With open fractures, fragments of bones are visible. Fracture of base of skull: Bruising around the eyes in the form of glasses. Bleeding from the nose and throat. Bleeding from the ears. Sometimes - the outflow of cerebrospinal fluid. Deafness or deafness. Dizziness. Paralysis of the cranial nerves, for example, paralysis of the oculomotor nerve. The...

Injuries to the abdomen

In a person with a stomach injury, not only the abdominal wall, but also the spleen, kidneys, stomach, intestine, bladder, diaphragm and pancreas can be damaged. Thick and rectum, bladder, urethra and vagina from blunt abdominal injuries protect the pelvic ring. Despite this, sometimes there are also damages to these organs. Symptoms Rapid pulse, low blood pressure, shock. Stomach pain in the abdomen. Difficult, painful breathing. Sometimes pain in the shoulders. Most often, abdominal injuries occur during road traffic accidents or accidents at the workplace. As a rule, the injuries are obtuse, that is, there are closed injuries without disturbing the integrity of the anterior...

Injuries to the lungs

With lung injuries, compression, tearing or even rupture of the lung occurs. Usually, such injuries are severe and dangerous. Since the pleural cavity begins to accumulate air or blood, the lung falls off. Due to the negative pressure in the pleural cavity, the lungs follow the enlarged chest and expand at the same time. Symptoms Sudden stitching pain in chest. Dyspnea. A loud sound when tapping a damaged half of the chest. Breathing is not audible. When breathing, the chest does not rise. Causes of injury Lungs can be damaged as a result of external factors, most often an accident, as well as an explosion, a shot, a knife or the like. From the inside, the lung is usually...

Isxudanie

If within 5-6 months about 10% of the body weight is lost, then this is a serious symptom, which can not be ignored. Causes of thinning Pathological emaciation is a consequence of a number of reasons. The organism can badly digest food because of diseases of the stomach, intestines, liver and pancreas. To weight loss also lead to malignant tumors, infectious diseases, mental disorders and poor nutrition. Suddenly, people who abuse alcohol suffer from sudden weight loss. In the later stages of alcoholism, the body's resistance to infections decreases. Sometimes during puberty, girls lose weight from a strong psychological strain. With helminthiasis, as a result of the invasion...

Itching in the anus

The back passage (the end part of the digestive canal, which serves to remove undigested food from the body) is a sensitive part of the body. The pathological condition, characterized by persistent itching in the region of the anus, occurs quite often. If there is severe itching, which may be a symptom of having a serious illness, you need to see a doctor who will determine the cause of the itching, and if necessary, prescribe a treatment and recommend an ointment that reduces itching. Causes of itching in the anus If children complain of itching in the anus, it is often caused by a helminthic infection. Pathogen - helminths, in particular, pinworms - small whitish nematodes about 1...

Itching of the skin

Itching can be like the whole body, and some of its parts. The person immediately begins to scratch the itchy place. After that the itch passes, however for a short while. After a while, it resumes with renewed vigor. Itching occurs due to a change in the structure or dryness of the skin. Causes of itching Itching of the skin can be caused by a variety of causes. Let's consider the most frequent of them. Allergy Hypersensitivity to any substance. Eczema Eczema is an inflammation of the surface layers of the skin of a neuro-allergic nature that occurs in response to the action of external or internal stimuli. The main symptoms are redness of the skin, watery blisters and...

Ixtioz

Ichthyosis (from the Greek ichthys - fish) is a hereditary disease of the outer layer of the skin, consisting in the violation of keratinization. In the skin (the largest human organ), three layers are distinguished: superficial - epidermis, deep - dermis and subcutaneous fatty tissue. The most superficial layer of the epidermis is horny, it consists of several rows of cells. The epidermis protects the human body from the harmful effects of external factors. With ichthyosis, the stratum corneum is much thicker than normal, so this skin looks dry and resembles fish scales. Symptoms Dry skin. Cracked, easily damaged skin. Peeling, formation of scales. Causes Ichthyosis is the...