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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Jaundice: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

What is jaundice? Jaundice - yellowing of the skin, sclera of the eyes and mucous membranes due to the increase in the amount of pigment (bilirubin) in the blood and its deposition in tissues. Usually, first of all, the sclera of the eyes turns yellow, then the yellow skin gets all the skin. In people of other races whose natural skin color is not white, jaundice can be diagnosed only by changing the color of the sclera of the eyes. Bilirubin is a product of the decay of erythrocytes, which are split in the spleen. Usually bilirubin passes through the liver into the bile and intestines and after certain chemical processes it is removed from the body with urine and feces. With an...

Joint arthritis

Arthritis is the disease which is characterized by the inflammation and damage of joints. This term is collective: arthritides have different acute and chronic forms, and may occur not only as single inflammation but as well as entire spectrum of symptoms. Arthritis is very widespread disease around the world, it mostly affects people under 40. CAUSES Human joint consists of bone connections, which are covered with cartilage and joint capsule, where located a small space filled with small amount of fluid. Once inflammation occurs, it becomes evident (first of all on synovial membrane). Due to infection, trauma or swelling pathological process affects all the joint...

Juvenile Arthritis: Early Signs and Symptoms

Arthritis is the disease that deforms a joint, where formed granulation tissue, which after some time totally affects the joint and bones. Arthritis may occur as the primary disease or caused by previous disease as well. It causes erosions, sclerotic lesions, deformation of tendon and joint, and the joint finally becomes deformed and motionless. One or several joints may be involved. Until recently this disease considered being as adult disease, but today it affects children as well. Arthritis in children can be acute or chronic. CAUSES The main reasons of arthritis development are injury, nervous system disorder, hypothermia, and heredity, lack of vitamins, metabolism disorder,...

JUVENILE CHRONIC ARTHRITIS

Juvenile chronic arthritis is the disease of autoimmune origin. This disease can develop in children under the age of 16. Chronic type of this disease is presented by extensive inflammatory process which affects joint of a child for 6 weeks or more. DISEASE COMPLICATIONS Juvenile arthritis is the type of disease which requires special methods of treatment – way of life, long-term medication treatment, permanent dynamic diagnostics, prevention and rehabilitation procedures. Since this disease is difficult to detect at early stages, patients often have to fight chronic form of the disease. CAUSES Immune system malfunction is the main cause of juvenile chronic arthritis occurring....

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis belongs to the complicated type of chronic inflammatory process, which affects children aged 3 to 17. As result of this disease, connective tissue of small joints is affected in the form of polyarthritis with cutaneous condition and joint structure damage. Next after small joints, medium and big joint become affected. DISEASE PATHOGENESIS Microcirculation disorder occurs in synovial membrane – healthy cells die and in their place antigens appear. These antigens detected as foreign particles and organism starts to produce special autoantibodies, which are toxic. Autoantibodies break joint cartilage, and as a result arthritis occurs. The results of wrist and...