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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

K fever

Fever Ku is an infectious disease of animals and humans caused by a microorganism belonging to the rickettsia group. It is characterized by many ways of distribution and a very diverse form of manifestation. In Europe, this disease was first recorded in 1941 in the Balkans, which is why it is sometimes called the Balkan flu. There are other names: a seven-day fever and a fever of slaughterhouses. In 1937, doctors described for the first time a flu-like disease, caused not by viruses, but by bacteria. This disease, characterized by high fever, was first recorded in Australia, in the state of Queensland. Since infection comes from cows, sheep and goats, the disease is particularly...

Keloid scars

Keloid scars are an overgrowth of fibrous scar tissue at the site of traumatic skin damage. As a rule, keloids occur on the face, neck, upper body. It is dense, sometimes itchy, formed in the connective tissue swelling of the skin, which, with burns or inoculations, can turn into scars and scars. Keloids can be single, but sometimes cover larger areas of the body. It is also characteristic that the skin in those places is much thinner, the hair ceases to grow on it. Symptoms Dense swelling of the skin is bluish-red, arising from illness or traumatic skin damage. First, the itch and pain appear on the scar formation site when pressing. Causes of Keloids Typically, such scars...

Keratoz

There are various violations of keratinization of the outer layer of the skin. For example, keratosis is a thickening of the stratum corneum (keratinization) of the skin, characteristic of a number of non-inflammatory diseases. More common is hyperkeratosis (hyper - over, over, keras (keratos) - horn) - excessive development or insufficient exfoliation of the stratum corneum. There is a separate group of diseases of the horny layer of the skin - ichthyosis - a skin disease mostly congenital, consisting of excessive formation and accumulation of horny scales resembling a fish scales on the skin. Normal occurrence of hyperkeratosis is considered, for example, in post-traumatic healing. At...

Kidney stone disease

Kidney stone disease is a chronic disease characterized by the formation of kidney stones. Initially, the presence of "sand" is noted in the urinary tract, from which stones are subsequently formed. The infringement of the stone in the urinary tract leads to convulsive contraction of the muscles, and renal colic begins. During an attack, acute, throbbing pains localize in the lumbar region, then irradiate into the groin. Men suffer from kidney stone disease more often than women. Renal stone disease, or nephrolithiasis, is a relatively common disease. The formation of kidney stones can be a primary process, to which infection of the kidneys and urinary tracts subsequently joins, or,...

Knee bursitis

Knee bursitis is acute or chronic disease, which affects synovial bursa of a joint. It has inflammation source – fluid that contained in a joint is being infected, which cause the inflammation. CAUSES Factors that cause knee bursitis: kneecap trauma; excess joint stress; chronic or acute infectious diseases, which affect bursa; scratches or minor skin damage; serious bruise. Factors of influence Knee bursitis is a result of arthritis or gout. Additional causes are: autoimmune diseases; metabolism dysfunction; allergy. TYPES Knee joint consists of cartilage surrounded by three bursas. Any of these parts can be affected by pathology. The classification of the disease...

Korsakov's syndrome

The Korsakov syndrome is characterized by the presence of several symptoms. The main is the combination of memory impairment and thinking with lower extremity polyneuropathy. Polyneuropathy is a simultaneous defeat of many peripheral nerves. When the peripheral nerve is affected, all kinds of sensitivity are violated, paresis of the lower extremities may occur. This disease bears the name of the Russian psychiatrist Sergei Korsakov (1854-1900 gg.), First described it in the XIX century. This syndrome is a combination of neuropathy and amnestic syndrome. Symptomatics A memory disorder - a person often remembers events and actions that were not. The temporal and spatial orientation is...