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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Keloid Scar of Skin: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Keloid scars are an overgrowth of fibrous scar tissue at the site of traumatic skin damage. As a rule, keloids occur on the face, neck, upper body. It is dense, sometimes itchy, formed in the connective tissue swelling of the skin, which, with burns or inoculations, can turn into scars and scars. Keloids can be single, but sometimes cover larger areas of the body. It is also characteristic that the skin in those places is much thinner, the hair ceases to grow on it. Symptoms Dense swelling of the skin is bluish-red, arising from illness or traumatic skin damage. First, the itch and pain appear on the scar formation site when pressing. Causes of Keloids Typically, such scars...

Keratoz

There are various violations of keratinization of the outer layer of the skin. For example, keratosis is a thickening of the stratum corneum (keratinization) of the skin, characteristic of a number of non-inflammatory diseases. More common is hyperkeratosis (hyper - over, over, keras (keratos) - horn) - excessive development or insufficient exfoliation of the stratum corneum. There is a separate group of diseases of the horny layer of the skin - ichthyosis - a skin disease mostly congenital, consisting of excessive formation and accumulation of horny scales resembling a fish scales on the skin. Normal occurrence of hyperkeratosis is considered, for example, in post-traumatic healing. At...

Kidney Failure (ESRD) Causes, Symptoms, & Treatments

Acute renal failure is a condition in which there is a sudden cessation or a very sharp decrease in the function of both kidneys or a single kidney. Due to the development of such a state, azotemia manifests itself, which is rapidly growing, and heavy water-electrolyte disturbances are also noted. At the same time anuria is a serious condition of the body, which completely stops the flow of urine into the bladder, or within a day it comes no more than 50 ml. A person suffering from anuria lacks urination and urge to it. What's happening? In the pathogenesis of the disease, the leading one is a violation of blood circulation in the kidneys and a decrease in the level of oxygen delivered to...

Kidney Stones (Urolithiasis) - Symptoms and Diagnosis

The bladder is a hollow muscular body covered with a mucous membrane and located in the cavity of the small pelvis. The bladder can hold about 700-800 ml of urine. Urine is excreted from the body by the urethra. Sometimes the solid particles contained in the urine coalesce with each other. Often at the beginning of the disease, so-called "sand" is formed - a precipitate of crystals of uric acid, which can be seen in the urine with the naked eye. So formations are formed, which are called "bladder stones". Sometimes a stone can reach the size of a chicken egg. In this case, its spontaneous excretion from the body is impossible. Symptoms of urolithiasis Pain in the lower abdomen....

Kidney Stones: Pain, Symptoms and Treatment Facts

Kidney stone disease is a chronic disease characterized by the formation of kidney stones. Initially, the presence of "sand" is noted in the urinary tract, from which stones are subsequently formed. The infringement of the stone in the urinary tract leads to convulsive contraction of the muscles, and renal colic begins. During an attack, acute, throbbing pains localize in the lumbar region, then irradiate into the groin. Men suffer from kidney stone disease more often than women. Renal stone disease, or nephrolithiasis, is a relatively common disease. The formation of kidney stones can be a primary process, to which infection of the kidneys and urinary tracts subsequently joins, or,...

Knee Bursitis - Knee pain caused due to infection

Knee is one of the most vulnerable places of human body. Joint cavity fluid in knee joint is become inflamed quite often, where abscess formed. This disease is known as septic knee bursitis. The infection gets into the synovial bursa caused by damage or other factors – the internal inflammation sources, which damage the bursa and cause pus producing. CAUSES Causes of septic knee bursitis are different, and may be divided into: knee trauma, which affects synovial bursa in most cases as well. Ignoring the problem may lead to inflammation and pus discharge; other inflamed organs may spread the infection into knee joint and quicken the disease development; heavy physical activity, which...

Knee Bursitis Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Knee bursitis is the disease of inflammation process, the source of which occurs in synovial bursa. This ailment is the most common among all the types of bursitis. The reason is structural specificity of synovial bursa – which has 9 bursae, the function of which is to dissipate force. Occurrence condition of inflammation in one of the bursae defines types of the disease. If pathological process develops in synovial bursa, which connects knee cartilage, so the disease would be called as suprapatellar (infrapatellar) bursitis. CAUSES A great variety of causes and factors influence provoke occurrence of suprapatellar knee bursitis: minor knee injury; serious trauma of knee cap;...

Knee Bursitis: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Knee bursitis is acute or chronic disease, which affects synovial bursa of a joint. It has inflammation source – fluid that contained in a joint is being infected, which cause the inflammation. CAUSES Factors that cause knee bursitis: kneecap trauma; excess joint stress; chronic or acute infectious diseases, which affect bursa; scratches or minor skin damage; serious bruise. Factors of influence Knee bursitis is a result of arthritis or gout. Additional causes are: autoimmune diseases; metabolism dysfunction; allergy. TYPES Knee joint consists of cartilage surrounded by three bursas. Any of these parts can be affected by pathology. The classification of the disease...

Korsakoff Syndrome | Signs, Symptoms, & Diagnosis

The Korsakov syndrome is characterized by the presence of several symptoms. The main is the combination of memory impairment and thinking with lower extremity polyneuropathy. Polyneuropathy is a simultaneous defeat of many peripheral nerves. When the peripheral nerve is affected, all kinds of sensitivity are violated, paresis of the lower extremities may occur. This disease bears the name of the Russian psychiatrist Sergei Korsakov (1854-1900 gg.), First described it in the XIX century. This syndrome is a combination of neuropathy and amnestic syndrome. Symptomatics A memory disorder - a person often remembers events and actions that were not. The temporal and spatial orientation is...