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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Leprosy Symptoms, Treatments, History, and Causes

Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease. Occurs in Southeast Asia, Africa and South America, sometimes in Western Europe. With this disease, the skin, mucous membrane and superficially located nerves are affected. There are several forms of leprosy: lepromatous, tuberculoid and borderline (dimorphic). Tuberculoid leprosy - in this form, peripheral nerves and tissues are involved in the pathological process. The disease begins with skin lesions and the appearance of slightly pigmented spots on it with clear edges. In connection with the defeat of nerves, the patient completely lacks sensitivity. Over time, this leads to the development of severe paralysis. Lepromatous form - causative...

Lethargy: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Causes of lethargy Lethargy is a condition characterized by the lack of energy, vitality, vivacity, mobility. Many vital processes (for example, food and drink) occur automatically, a person eats and drinks only because his body requires it. The desire to satisfy needs of another kind (for example, work, rest, communication with others, etc.) is determined by certain motives (social and psychological) that are practically absent in people suffering from lethargy. Depending on various physical (physical) and mental disorders, the desire to satisfy certain vital needs may decrease or completely disappear. A person becomes passive, he is not interested in what is happening around. In...

Ligament rupture/torn muscles, partial rupture

Bundles are dense connective tissue formations of various shapes (in the form of strands or plates) that connect the bones of the skeleton and separate organs. Bunches strengthen joints, limit or direct movements in them, provide contact of articular surfaces. Depending on the function performed, the ligaments are divided into support, guide and braking. Some ligaments, for example, the knee or ankle, are under immense strain, due to uncontrolled movements (for example, a sudden drop), their tension or rupture may occur. It is possible as a rupture of the ligament itself, and its detachment from the bone. In the latter case, the bone fragment often also detaches. The ruptured ligament is...

Liver Cancer: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

The liver is one of the organs most commonly spread by the disease from other parts of the body, so most of the tumors found in it are not primary, but secondary. Penetration into the liver of cancer cells can occur with many cancers, and hepatic metastases are a consequence. However, there is a form of cancer, when the cancerous process begins directly in the liver cells themselves. In medicine, it is customary to call it primary. In Central and Eastern Europe, this form of cancer is rare, in Southern Europe - more often. Most of all, it is common in Africa and Asia. It is believed that residents of those regions consume more fungi of mold, which contain carcinogenic substances -...

Low Blood Pressure: Hypotension Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

The human blood pressure is lowered at a systolic blood pressure of less than 100 mm Hg. Art. And diastolic - less than 60 mm Hg. Art. However, a person can feel bad at 100 and 110 millimeters of mercury, in which case his pressure is also considered low. Hypotension is not a serious illness, and the distinct symptoms of malaise are rare. Many patients simply get dizzy or feel tired, with prolonged standing in one place, it can darken in the eyes and a fainting condition may occur. Specific form - the so-called hypotension orthostatic, associated with the gravitational attraction of the Earth and the vertical position of our body. Symptoms Fatigue. Dizziness. Darkening in the eyes....

Lupus Erythematosus: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic inflammatory disease of connective tissue and vessels, in which the skin and various internal organs are affected. This autoimmune disease causes a disruption in the functions of the body's immune system, which makes the body unarmed before the most common diseases. If a person has a moderate form of the disease, called discoid lupus erythematosus, only the skin is affected. In certain places, foci of inflammation of the skin appear, with the healing of which there are scars. Symptoms Inflammation of the skin, especially on the face. Articular pain. Muscle pain. Temperature increase. Change in blood. Defeat of the kidneys. Enlargement of...

Lyell's Syndrome: Symptoms, Treatment

Lyell's syndrome refers to bullous dermatitis, accompanied by a detachment of the epidermis or seam of epithelial cells. There are two main forms of Lyell's disease: toxic, caused by the use of medicines, and staphylococcal (skin lesions in the form of burn-like blisters caused by bacteria - staphylococci). The toxic form of the syndrome is sick both adults and children, staphylococcal - more often small children. Symptoms Burning sensation of the skin. The affected skin is hot. Heat. Skin rashes, blisters. Exfoliation of the skin. First, small spots appear on the skin (similar to those that occur with measles or scarlet fever). The rash gradually spreads and covers all large...

Lymphostasis of lower and upper extremities: signs and treatment

In the human body there are not only arteries and veins, but also lymphatic vessels, through which the tissue fluid - lymph flows. It is a clear or light yellow liquid flowing from the capillaries into the tissue. Lymph can be seen, for example, if you scratch your skin or rip off the scab, a colorless liquid appears. In the lymphatic system there are many lymph nodes that have to perform various functions - filtration, protective and accumulative. If the lymph flow slows down or stops completely in some place, the tissue fluid begins to accumulate in the hand or leg of that side. This condition is called lymphostasis, or elephantiasis. The main symptom of this disease is edema of the...