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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Leprosy

Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease. Occurs in Southeast Asia, Africa and South America, sometimes in Western Europe. With this disease, the skin, mucous membrane and superficially located nerves are affected. There are several forms of leprosy: lepromatous, tuberculoid and borderline (dimorphic). Tuberculoid leprosy - in this form, peripheral nerves and tissues are involved in the pathological process. The disease begins with skin lesions and the appearance of slightly pigmented spots on it with clear edges. In connection with the defeat of nerves, the patient completely lacks sensitivity. Over time, this leads to the development of severe paralysis. Lepromatous form - causative...

Lethargy

Causes of lethargy Lethargy is a condition characterized by the lack of energy, vitality, vivacity, mobility. Many vital processes (for example, food and drink) occur automatically, a person eats and drinks only because his body requires it. The desire to satisfy needs of another kind (for example, work, rest, communication with others, etc.) is determined by certain motives (social and psychological) that are practically absent in people suffering from lethargy. Depending on various physical (physical) and mental disorders, the desire to satisfy certain vital needs may decrease or completely disappear. A person becomes passive, he is not interested in what is happening around. In...

Ligament rupture

Bundles are dense connective tissue formations of various shapes (in the form of strands or plates) that connect the bones of the skeleton and separate organs. Bunches strengthen joints, limit or direct movements in them, provide contact of articular surfaces. Depending on the function performed, the ligaments are divided into support, guide and braking. Some ligaments, for example, the knee or ankle, are under immense strain, due to uncontrolled movements (for example, a sudden drop), their tension or rupture may occur. It is possible as a rupture of the ligament itself, and its detachment from the bone. In the latter case, the bone fragment often also detaches. The ruptured ligament is...

Limfogranulematosis

Lymphogranulomatosis (Hodgkin's disease) is a tumor disease of the lymphatic system, characterized by malignant hyperplasia of the lymphoid tissue with the formation of lymph nodes in the lymph nodes and internal organs. The lymphatic system is a complex of vessels that carry electrolytes, water, proteins, and the like with lymph from the tissue fluid to the bloodstream. It is formed by lymph nodes and vessels, the spleen, thymus gland (thymus) and bone marrow. The lymphatic system is part of the vascular system and complements the venous system, participates in the metabolism of the body and carries away from the cells and tissues various products of vital activity, as well as foreign...

Lipoma and fibroma

Tumors from adipose tissue and connective tissue are a degenerated "mother" tissue, which began to grow too much. Benign tumors of these tissues are called lipomas and fibromas. Almost all benign tumors are characterized by slow growth - they can grow several months or even years. Lipomas and fibromas can be observed in all parts of the body, especially tumors on the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Symptoms Lipoma: Mild painless. Not fused with surrounding tissues. Tumor formation can be freely moved back and forth. Lipoma is depicted in the first picture of this article. Fibroma: Hard, usually painless. It is visible on the skin. Sometimes the tumor rises above the skin....

Liver cancer

The liver is one of the organs most commonly spread by the disease from other parts of the body, so most of the tumors found in it are not primary, but secondary. Penetration into the liver of cancer cells can occur with many cancers, and hepatic metastases are a consequence. However, there is a form of cancer, when the cancerous process begins directly in the liver cells themselves. In medicine, it is customary to call it primary. In Central and Eastern Europe, this form of cancer is rare, in Southern Europe - more often. Most of all, it is common in Africa and Asia. It is believed that residents of those regions consume more fungi of mold, which contain carcinogenic substances -...

Loss of consciousness

Loss of consciousness is characterized by the lack of a person's reaction to external stimuli and muscle relaxation, while vital functions, such as breathing, cardiac activity and blood circulation, persist. As a rule, a person who wakes up after a faint, does not remember what happened to him. A sudden short-term loss of consciousness is called syncope. If a person is unconscious for less than one minute, then such a disturbance of consciousness is called a faint. Causes of short-term loss of consciousness Loss of consciousness arises from insufficient blood circulation in the vessels of the brain. Syncope can cause various diseases and conditions characterized by impaired blood...

Low blood pressure (hypotension)

The human blood pressure is lowered at a systolic blood pressure of less than 100 mm Hg. Art. And diastolic - less than 60 mm Hg. Art. However, a person can feel bad at 100 and 110 millimeters of mercury, in which case his pressure is also considered low. Hypotension is not a serious illness, and the distinct symptoms of malaise are rare. Many patients simply get dizzy or feel tired, with prolonged standing in one place, it can darken in the eyes and a fainting condition may occur. Specific form - the so-called hypotension orthostatic, associated with the gravitational attraction of the Earth and the vertical position of our body. Symptoms Fatigue. Dizziness. Darkening in the eyes....

lupus erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic inflammatory disease of connective tissue and vessels, in which the skin and various internal organs are affected. This autoimmune disease causes a disruption in the functions of the body's immune system, which makes the body unarmed before the most common diseases. If a person has a moderate form of the disease, called discoid lupus erythematosus, only the skin is affected. In certain places, foci of inflammation of the skin appear, with the healing of which there are scars. Symptoms Inflammation of the skin, especially on the face. Articular pain. Muscle pain. Temperature increase. Change in blood. Defeat of the kidneys. Enlargement of...

Lyell's Syndrome

Lyell's syndrome refers to bullous dermatitis, accompanied by a detachment of the epidermis or seam of epithelial cells. There are two main forms of Lyell's disease: toxic, caused by the use of medicines, and staphylococcal (skin lesions in the form of burn-like blisters caused by bacteria - staphylococci). The toxic form of the syndrome is sick both adults and children, staphylococcal - more often small children. Symptoms Burning sensation of the skin. The affected skin is hot. Heat. Skin rashes, blisters. Exfoliation of the skin. First, small spots appear on the skin (similar to those that occur with measles or scarlet fever). The rash gradually spreads and covers all large...

Lymblizo

Giardiasis is an infectious disease of the small intestine, common throughout the world, but is more common in regions with warm climates. This disease is caused by protozoa from the flagellates. The disease is recorded among all age groups, but children are more likely to get sick, they have diarrhea in their illness. In adults, giardiasis can even be asymptomatic. Sometimes, general ailments are possible - lack of appetite, bloating, abdominal pain, vomiting. In severe cases of the disease - weight loss, unformed stool, fatty, offensive. Symptoms Sometimes the symptoms are completely absent. Diarrhea. Lack of appetite. Bloating. Stomach ache. Weight loss. Causes The...

Lymphostasis of upper and lower extremities

In the human body there are not only arteries and veins, but also lymphatic vessels, through which the tissue fluid - lymph flows. It is a clear or light yellow liquid flowing from the capillaries into the tissue. Lymph can be seen, for example, if you scratch your skin or rip off the scab, a colorless liquid appears. In the lymphatic system there are many lymph nodes that have to perform various functions - filtration, protective and accumulative. If the lymph flow slows down or stops completely in some place, the tissue fluid begins to accumulate in the hand or leg of that side. This condition is called lymphostasis, or elephantiasis. The main symptom of this disease is edema of the...