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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Nail disorders and systemic disease: What the nails tell us

Nails, as well as hair, are derived from the skin. They are not equipped with either blood vessels or nerves, they consist of dead horny mass. The outer part of the nail is called the body, and its back part is called the root. The white section, located at the base of the body of the nail and having the shape of a crescent, is called a nail lunatic. The state of nails is heavily influenced by natural aging processes, as a result of which nails lose strength, become brittle. In addition, they may appear longitudinal grooves, sometimes resembling tiles. The most common nail disease is the paronychia. It is an infectious inflammation of the skin surrounding the nail plate on the finger of...

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Treatment & Management

What is narcissism? Narcissism - excessive narcissism and overestimated self-esteem, not corresponding to reality. Narcissism manifests itself in specific sexual behavior. According to Z. Freud, every child experiences a period characterized by a strong sense of narcissism. With the normal development of the child's personality, this does not cause harm and is normal. Psychologists narcissism is divided into primary (aspirations associated with passion, directed to his own personality or to others) and secondary, or painful narcissism (the attraction is directed only at one's own personality). Self-esteem of a person with morbid narcissism is very high and far from reality. Such a...

Natural remedies and home treatment for gout

Uric acid (salt and urate crystals) accumulation is the reason which causes gout. It affects protein metabolism and function which excretes uric acid out of kidneys. All of this influence joints (usually small leg joints) where chalk-stones are formed (bunions). Swellings may be seen with a naked eye; also they cause a great discomfort since they do not allow wearing shoes and provoke sharp pain and redness. If this process didn’t stop, it leads to destruction of joint capsule which can be treated only with surgery. One more pathological defect after gout is kidney disease.  Kidney stones are formed in it and patient’s health getting much worse. But gout can be treated easily with...

Natural remedies for arthritis treatment

Arthritis is a joint disease of acute or chronic origin, which characterized by inflammation process in the joint or periarthric tissues. Clinical situation depends on many factors, but depending on cause, type and location arthritis has property to progression, what may cause joint deformation and disablement. Arthritis treatment must be combined, that includes medication therapy, physiotherapy, massage, diet which can remove inflammation and avoid disease development. In addition to traditional methods of arthritis treatment folk medicine is also may be useful and contains hundreds of thousands recipes for arthritis curing. FOLK MEDICINE PROPERTIES Folk medicine allows providing...

Nausea: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

What is nausea? Nausea is an unpleasant sensation in the epigastric region, accompanied by a decrease in appetite and general weakness. The causes of nausea - irritation of certain areas of the brain. Many signals of an annoying character transmit to the brain a tenth pair of cranial nerves, or a vagus nerve, passing through the neck, the internal organs of the thoracic and abdominal cavities. When it acts in the stomach, an excess of gastric acid can form, which causes nausea. Along with nausea, other symptoms may appear, for example, vomiting. Sudden nausea, especially as a result of taking alcohol or overeating, does not mean that a person suffers from any illness. But if the...

Nephroptosis: Causes, diagnosis, and treatment

Nephroptosis (omission of the kidney) is a pathological condition, which is characterized by the displacement of the kidney from the bed. Its location is not normal: the kidney is lower. In addition, in the process of moving the body, the mobility of the kidney becomes larger than is assumed by physiological norms. The mobility of the kidney is especially pronounced when the body is in an upright position. As a consequence, the second name of this ailment is the pathological mobility of the kidney. In the normal state of the internal organs of the kidney during the process of breathing, and also shift only by 2-4 cm, which is an acceptable norm. The disease is diagnosed relatively often...

Neurofibromatosis - Symptoms and causes

The main signs of neurofibromatosis are pigmented spots on the skin, as well as tumors of the visual, auditory, pre-door, cochlear and peripheral nerves. Possible damage to the central nervous system. Often this disease is characterized by changes in the skin and bone tissue. For the first time neurofibromatosis, as a disease manifested in members of the same family, was described by German physician Friedrich Recklinghausen (1833-1910), so neurofibromatosis is also called Recklinghausen's disease. Symptoms Light brown spots on the skin. Soft pink nodules (most often on the skin, less often in the subcutaneous tissue). Deformation of bones. Rachiocampsis. Stimulation of the spinal...

Neurosis: Definition, Types, Treatment, & Facts

Neuroses are a group of diseases that occur in a person due to the impact of traumas of a mental nature. As a rule, they are accompanied by deterioration of the person's well-being, changes in mood and manifestations of somato-vegetative manifestations. Neurosis can occur in every person, but still the nature of this disease, as well as its form, depend on many determining factors. So, the neurosis can be formed owing to certain features of the person of the person, the hereditary factors defining stability to stresses, adaptive possibilities. Also, the appearance of neurosis is directly affected by the type of mental trauma. Such a trauma can be one-time (such is, for example, the death...

Nicotine dependence - Symptoms and causes

What is nicotine addiction? Nicotine is a poisonous alkaloid derived from leaves and tobacco seeds (Nicotiana tabacum), a very strong poison. It is with him associated with the development of dependence on tobacco in heavy smokers. In small doses, nicotine has a stimulating effect on the autonomic nervous system of a person. Along with carbon and hydrogen contains nitrogen and has an alkaline reaction. When nicotine gets into the body, regular heartbeats increase heart rate, increase blood pressure, narrow the blood vessels, reduce appetite. Under its influence in the blood, the content of cholesterol and fatty acids increases. In large doses, nicotine causes paralysis of the ganglia...

Nodal erythema - treatment, causes, symptoms

Nodular erythema (Latin erythema nodosum) is an acute allergic skin disease. Most often it affects women, usually in spring and autumn. The disease begins with catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, the patient experiences weakness, joint and muscle pain, and weight loss. A few days later, a person begins to feel very febrile (the temperature rises to 38-40 ° C). Appears rashes on the front surfaces of the lower leg, less often on the knees, hips, hands. These are bright red knots from 1.5 to several centimeters in diameter. Later they turn blue and brown. Their number is up to several dozen. Do not confuse this allergic reaction with melanoma, which carries a much more serious danger....

Nodular periarteritis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

What is nodular periarteritis? Nodular periarteritis (synonyms - panarteritis nodosa, polyarteritis nodosa or Kussmaul-Meyer's disease) - an inflammatory lesion of the arterial wall of small and medium-sized vessels with formation of microaneurysms leading to progressive organ failure is manifested due to reactions associated with hypersensitivity of the immune system. Over time, the walls of blood vessels can become condensed and lose their elasticity. Also, limited local expansion of the lumen of the arteries due to stretching and protrusion of their walls (the emergence of microaneurysms), the formation of which under the skin to the touch sometimes resembles a string of pearls....

Non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs

Arthritis symptoms are defined by inflammation process, expressed in reddening, edema and pain. Non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used for treating this pathology, which have pain-relieving, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effect. NSAIDs may be in form of ointments, tablets or injections. PRECAUTION MEASURES Damage factor causes the inflammation process in organism, for example knee joint, which activates defense reaction of the organism. Then prostaglandins are produced in the damaged area, which prevent negative processes. These lipids cause blood flow increase, high temperature and pain. Non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs used for arthritis treatment, they reduce the...

Nosebleed: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

What is nasal bleeding? Nasal bleeding - the flow of blood from blood vessels when their integrity is violated or the permeability of the wall is violated. The nasal cavity begins the person's airways. A man checks the inhaled air with his nose. However, the most important function of the nose is the treatment of air to assimilate it with the lungs, so in the nasal cavity the air is warmed, filtered and humidified. To warm the air, the wings of the nose are designed, inside are covered with a mucous membrane, with the interlacing of blood vessels in it, which can expand and contract. When the vessels expand, the air warms up. Nose tissues are easily damaged The plexus of the...