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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Rashes on the skin

Rashes on the skin (Latin exanthema) - the appearance on the skin of spots, blisters, pustules, nodules, pimples, etc. Doctors call these formations the elements of a rash. Rashes can cover the entire body, and only some of its areas. The appearance of some types of rash is accompanied by itching, sometimes with an increase in body temperature. As a rule, the rash is not an independent disease, but only one of its symptoms. It can be different: small-dotted with clear contours or in the form of spots, which, merging, form large lesions. The so-called papular rash is formed by small dense, slightly raised above the skin nodules (papules). To the wetting elements of the rash are vesicles...

Raynaud's syndrome

Raynaud's syndrome is a paroxysmal infringement of the arterial blood supply to the hands or feet, which often occurs under the influence of cold. Her fingers become numb, pale, cold and cyanotic. After an attack, blood rushes into the affected blood vessels, which causes pain and redness of the hands and feet. There are two forms of Raynaud's syndrome-primary and secondary. Primary syndrome women are usually exposed more often than men. This disease develops after the end of the puberty period and, as a rule, disappears during pregnancy or at the beginning of the climacteric period. Secondary Raynaud's syndrome is a consequence of a variety of diseases that affect both women and men....

Reactive arthritis in children

Reactive arthritis in children is the disease, which characterized by inflammatiory manner of joints. Pathology usually occurs after infection of different organs and systems, caused by enterobacteria, chlamydia and mycoplasmas. The disease has the most often chance of occurrence of all rheumatoid diseases in children. CAUSES Causes of this pathology development in children are yet unknown. Scientists say that it may be the genetic predisposition, immune system abnormality in other words. Reactive arthritis is 50 times more likely to affect people who have HLA-B27 (histological compatibility). Anomaly starts during infecting by some microorganisms. Ability to cause arthritis...

Reactive arthritis treatment

Treatment of pathology like reactive arthritis usually has lingering form because causes of the disease are not always clear at first. Successful results of treatment of reactive arthritis depend on what stage of disease treatment was started. The earlier medication taking started, the better will be result and less complication seen. There are two groups of drugs which may help to treat reactive arthritis, also interesting effect of these drugs. Treatment by these drugs can be subdivided into: antibiotic therapy. Its effect directed to infectious agent; medication which removes disease symptoms. It refers to non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) etc. ANTI-INFECTIVES The...

Rectal cancer

Two-thirds of the total number of tumors of the colon is due to a tumor of the rectum. The rectum (15-20 cm) - the last section of the large intestine - ends with the external opening of the anus. As a rule, a malignant tumor arises from intestinal polyps. However, a malignant tumor does not develop from all types of polyps, but only from those on whose surface there are a large number of blood vessels or cilia. This oncological disease affects both men and women. Cancer of the rectum is a very serious disease. This is one of the most common forms of human malignant tumors. In most European countries, colon cancer is second only to lung cancer. Most often the disease manifests itself at...

Red flat lichen

Red flat herpes is a fairly common skin disease that is characterized by an itchy rash, it affects the skin, mucous membranes and nails. In addition, scales, scaling and scabs are formed on the skin. When the disease is red weed out the elements of the rash resemble nodules, but they almost do not rise above the surface of the skin, so this disease is called - flat red lichen. Nodules are usually located in isolation, but can also merge with the formation of small plaques (such as "cobblestone pavement"). Itching nodules can be light red, purple or brown. Usually on the surface of nodules a whitish-colored mesh pattern is revealed - this is the so-called Wickema mesh, which is especially...

Rheumatoid arthritis treatment

Rheumatoid arthritis belongs to chronic processes, and can’t be cured. However, in case of proper treatment, a patient may expect long-term remission and slowing down of articular cartilage degeneration. PRIMARY TASKS It is possible to improve patient’s health and reduce signs of the disease, if treatment was provided at the very early stage of its occurrence. Special medication treatment has the primary tasks: topical treatment, directed to curing of the inflammation process; reducing of the disease progression process; cartilage tissue protection for a most possible period of time.   TYPES OF TREATMENT According to effect and use medication treatment can be: common...

Rosacea

Rosacea - this skin disease most often affects a person's face. The Latin name is Rosacea or Acne rosacea (pink acne). The disease is characterized by a rash on the skin - pink acne. The disease occurs in the middle and old age, more often in women, although for men are characterized by heavier forms. Around the nose and on the cheeks appear rashes, resembling a butterfly in shape. From ordinary acne rosacea is distinguished by the absence of comedones and scars. With a prolonged course of the disease, hypertrophic changes occur in the subcutaneous tissue of the nose, as a result of which the nose thickens and changes its shape; Rhinophyma. Because of inflammation and vasodilation, the nose...