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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Salmonellosis

Salmonellosis is an infectious disease caused by salmonella. The causative agent is a large group of salmonella, numbering more than 2000 serotypes. Salmonella is also caused by typhoid and paratyphoid fever. In Eastern Europe, the most common gastroenteritis is an inflammatory disease of the stomach and intestines, in which pathogens do not enter the bloodstream. Less often there is a septic form of salmonellosis, in which pathogens from the intestine enter the blood and various organs, after which foci of purulent lesion are formed. Symptoms Symptoms of gastroenteritis: Vomiting, diarrhea. Slight temperature increase. Lethargy, exhaustion. Symptoms of sepsis: Vomiting,...

Scabies

Scabies are a parasitic infectious disease. It is characterized by severe itching, redness, swelling, bubble rashes, the presence of scabies. The disease is transmitted by itch mite. The female parasite buries into the stratum corneum of the epidermis, where it breaks the itch. In such moves, mites lay eggs, from which 3-5 days later the larvae hatch, and from them - scabies mites. A new generation of ticks appears about two months later. Strokes can be found in the wrist and tarsus, in the interdigital folds of the arms and legs, buttocks, inner surfaces of the thighs and genitals, sometimes in the abdomen. Usually the places of combing are better visible than the moves themselves, dug by...

Scaly lichen

Scaly lichen (psoriasis) is a chronic, usually relapsing skin disease. They suffer about 1-2% of people aged 20-40 years. The skin thickens, becomes covered with a whitish translucent, fish-like scales, papular rash. When scraping the surface of the papules, a pink film appears, the damage to which leads to pinpoint bleeding. Scabs can be all over the body, but the scalp, elbows, knees, peripump and perianal (around the anus) area are most vulnerable. Symptoms Small rashes on the skin, which increase, form large lesions. The appearance of pink nodules of different size and shape, covered with whitish scales. When scraping, there is a pinpoint bleeding. Causes The etiology is...

Schizoid neurosis

What is schizoid neurosis? Neurosis is a fairly long-term mental and behavioral disorder, in which the contact with reality remains, but the circumstances of the patient perceive as abnormal. The schizoid neurosis (from the Greek schizo - split and oides - similar, similar) characterizes the state in which a person closes in himself, ceases to communicate with others. In the case of various forms of neurosis (depressive, hysterical, phobic), the symptoms of the disease are usually quite clear (mental and physical symptoms are noticeable and clearly expressed). With schizoid neurosis, all these symptoms are insignificant or practically absent. On the first place there are symptoms of...

Schizophrenia

What is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness. Its main manifestations: personality change, decreased activity, autism, delirium, hallucinations, affective disorders, catatonia, etc. The course is predominantly chronic. Occurs more often at a young age. Mental Disorders In schizophrenia, there are disorders of thinking, manifested by inconsistency, incoherence or incompleteness of thoughts. Later the patient begins to pronounce meaningless words or combinations of sounds. Visual disturbances With the progression of the disease, visual perception is also disturbed, and spatial vision often changes: the patient can not correctly determine the dimensions of...

Scleroderma

Scleroderma is the consolidation and sclerosis of connective tissue. This disease refers to rheumatic diseases or a group of connective tissue diseases. With scleroderma, the connective tissue thickens, the blood vessels are damaged, the walls of which thicken. The skin of the affected parts of the body becomes smooth, stretched, shiny, welded to the underlying tissues, inelastic, which causes limited movement. As a result, the skin becomes ivory. There are two basic forms of scleroderma: localized (ring-shaped) and systemic (diffuse). Symptoms Violation of blood circulation in the upper and lower extremities. Drowsing wounds at the fingertips. Face resembling a mask. Pain in the...

Seborrhea

Seborrhea - a violation of the function of the sebaceous glands, characterized mainly by increased isolation of inferior sebum. This disease changes the secretion of sebaceous glands and the chemical composition of sebum. Sebaceous glands have exits in both hair follicles and directly on the surface of the human body, with the exception of the palms and feet. Most of them are located in the skin of the scalp on the face, chest and back. These glands secrete sebum, consisting of a mixture of fats, wax and proteins. In some parts of the body, for example, on the nose, the sebaceous glands open on the surface of the skin. The secretion of sebum is especially intensified during periods of...

Seborrheic Eczema

Seborrheic eczema is one of the forms of seborrhea, a disease characterized by a dysfunction of the sebaceous glands. Usually this disease is observed in people who suffer from increased sebum. Especially often lesions are localized on skin areas rich in sebaceous glands - on the scalp, behind the auricles, on the face, in the sternum, naso-labial folds, between the shoulder blades, etc. A characteristic symptom of seborrheic eczema is reddish spots with clear boundaries of the most diverse form. Often these areas develop true eczema, which is very similar to psoriasis. In addition, sometimes there is pink lichen, which is characterized by the appearance on the skin first of one, and then...

Septic arthritis

Pus forming microorganisms within a joint diseased by arthritis is classified as septic arthritis. CLINICAL SEQUELAE Arthroempyesis is dangerous disease with complicated course form, which causes arthrosis and contracture. Also, inflectional consequences of the disease may cause occurrence of dangerous disease: Sepsis – malignant bacteria and microorganism penetrate blood (blood poisoning); Phlegmon – adipose tissue damage has an ability to affect surrounding tissue; Abscess – space filled with push, which located in surrounding tissue; Osteomyelitis – inflammatory process in skeleton system. TYPES Septic arthritis has two types of progression – primary and secondary....

Septic knee bursitis

Knee is one of the most vulnerable places of human body. Joint cavity fluid in knee joint is become inflamed quite often, where abscess formed. This disease is known as septic knee bursitis. The infection gets into the synovial bursa caused by damage or other factors – the internal inflammation sources, which damage the bursa and cause pus producing. CAUSES Causes of septic knee bursitis are different, and may be divided into: knee trauma, which affects synovial bursa in most cases as well. Ignoring the problem may lead to inflammation and pus discharge; other inflamed organs may spread the infection into knee joint and quicken the disease development; heavy physical activity, which...

Seropositive rheumatoid arthritis

Seropositive rheumatoid arthritis is chronic joint disease. Usually affects small joints – hands, fingers, ankles, toes and neck bones. CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS Usually seropositive arthritis detected by rheumatoid factor, which presented in blood analysis. Additional clinical manifestations are: high ESR level; c-reactive protein increase; low hemoglobin level. This disease occurs later, it has slow progression type and very rare cases of acute attack. Seropositive form of rheumatoid arthritis has autoimmune origin and may be very dangerous in case of late disease detection. CAUSES Full list of factors that influence disease development is not done yet, but among them are:...

Sexual perversion

What is sexual perversion? Sexual perversion - painful violations of the orientation of the sexual desire or ways to meet it. Previously, all sexual deviations were considered painful disorders. Currently, only a part of the deviations are pathological in nature. Perversions include: exhibitionism, sadism, masochism, voyeurism and frotterism. Types of sexual perversion Exhibitionism is the achievement of sexual satisfaction by demonstrating sexual organs to people of the opposite sex. Sadism - sexual satisfaction is achieved when causing a partner physical pain or suffering. Masochism is a perversion where it is necessary to experience physical pain or moral humiliation in...

Shingles

Shingles is a painful viral infectious disease, manifested by the appearance of a rash (similar to the one that occurs with chicken pox) in different parts of the body. Due to inflammation of the nerve nodes on the skin, bubbles form. Eruptions appear along the course of virus-infected nerves, innervating various areas of the skin. As a rule, the nerve nodes are affected only on one side of the body. Shingles and varicella cause the same virus. Wind chicken most often affects children - this is the primary infection caused by this virus. Lishay develops due to the reactivation of a latent virus that was in the spinal or cerebral ganglia after the chicken pox was transferred. People are...

Shoulder bursitis

Bursitis is the inflammation or irritation of synovial bursa. Bursitis of shoulder joint belongs to pathologies of locmotor system. CAUSES Disease diagnostics allows defining of some basic factors, which cause shoulder bursitis: pathology resulted from traumatizing – injury, wound, strain or maim; regular physical overstressing, due to sports or professional activity; gout or arthritis; metabolism disorder; organism intoxication; chronic allergy; prolonged or excessive stressing of shoulder joint; autoimmune diseases. TYPES Medical studies point out several forms of shoulder joint bursitis. According to the clinical situation of the disease, doctors define: acute...

Shoulder Injury

The humeral girdle is formed by paired bones - a scapula, a clavicle, and also the muscles connecting the trunk with the upper limbs. One of the most common injuries of the shoulder girdle is a fracture of the clavicle. Usually a fracture occurs when it falls on the shoulder or an elongated arm. In newborns, fracture of the clavicle is the result of birth trauma. Unfortunately, it is not uncommon for a fracture to damage the nerves of the brachial plexus, which leads to paralysis of the hand. Another common shoulder injury is a dislocation of the shoulder joint. It happens when you fall on an elongated and laid aside arm. Such a dislocation is very painful, but it is fairly easy to...

Sinusit

Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses - airway cavities in the facial bones of the skull. These cavities lining the mucous membrane, covered with ciliated epithelium and cilia. In the paranasal sinuses there are holes that they communicate with the nasal cavity. If these holes are blocked, for example, with a cold, then the bacteria in the paranasal sinuses begin to multiply. So there is a sinusitis. Sinusitis can be acute, catarrhal, purulent and chronic. Adults suffer this pathology more often than children (children under 5 years are seldom sick, since they have no paranasal sinuses). The most common symptoms of sinusitis are pain in the forehead or cheek area, as well...

Sjogren's Syndrome

Sjogren's syndrome is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by the defeat of the secreting epithelial glands with the development of dry keratoconjunctivitis and xerostomia. As a result, the function of salivary and lacrimal glands is disrupted. In 70% of patients there is also a chronic joint disease. Symptoms Dry keratoconjunctivitis, redness of the eyes. Sensation of foreign body in the eye. Dry mouth. Hypothy, a violation of swallowing. Inflammation of the middle ear. Frequent nasal bleeding. With inflammation, salivary and lacrimal glands swell. Parotid salivary glands are particularly vulnerable. The function of the affected glands is disrupted and they begin to...

Sleep Disorders

To the most frequent disturbances of sleep physicians refer to insomnia, which is based on: Difficulty falling asleep; Discontinuity of night sleep; Early awakening. Manifestations of insomnia can be different - from prolonged surface drowsiness and periods of deep sleep, occasionally interrupted by awakenings, to persistent wakefulness. In severe cases, the person completely disappears from a night's sleep. All patients claim that insomnia is an unpleasant, painful condition. The consequences of this spent night - fatigue, headache, decreased efficiency, lethargy, irritability. Chronic insomnia is a serious disorder. Often, patients suffering from it, start taking sleeping pills,...

Solar burns

Sun burns are skin lesions that occur as a result of prolonged human exposure to direct sunlight. Most often it is a burn of I or II degree, as a result of which redness, swelling and burning of the skin is observed. With a severe burn, blisters may appear, filled with a clear or turbid liquid. The state of health worsens, the temperature rises, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches begin. Symptoms Redness, painful swelling of the skin. Itching and burning of the skin. Pain when touching affected areas. Sometimes there are blisters. Headache, fever, sometimes vomiting, diarrhea. At first, the person does not feel anything. However, 4-6 hours after exposure to sunlight, the skin becomes...

Speech defects

Defects in speech are incorrect pronunciation due to violation of the speech apparatus. These defects include stammering, lisping, cartilage. Adult speech defects are usually the result of injuries, surgeries or severe emotional shocks (eg, loss of a loved one, divorce). Thus, a speech defect can arise as a result of traumas of the main organs of speech: the vocal cords, the muscles of the larynx, the sky, the tongue, lips and teeth, and also when the center of speech in the cerebral cortex is damaged. A strong constant emotional stress can cause a violation of pronunciation of sounds. The speech of the person most intensively develops on 2-5 year of a life. Up to three years the child is...

Speech disorders

Usually, children start talking after reaching about one year. Girls start talking before boys. The correct pronunciation of complex words children master about the fourth year of life. Speech is an extremely complex process in which various organs of the speech apparatus participate. An exact interaction of the lungs, larynx, muscles of the tongue and lips should be ensured. Symptoms of speech disorders Wrong pronunciation of words. The child does not shout, does not pronounce some letters and sounds. Pain when pronouncing words. A child older than 5 years does not yet say. Causes of speech disorders The speech of a person can be disturbed due to congenital anomalies of...

SPID

AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a secondary immunodeficiency syndrome that develops as a result of HIV infection. HIV infection is an infection caused by a retrovirus. It reproduces very quickly and is incredibly volatile. It can be found in all liquid media of the body: sperm, saliva, vaginal discharge, blood, urine. The disease affects the human immune system. AIDS is not a common infectious disease, which is characterized by its specific specific symptoms. Here there is a complex of symptoms that can worsen and disappear. From the moment of HIV infection to AIDS, it can take more than 10 years. Symptoms Fever. Fast fatiguability. Loss in weight. Repeated infectious...

Sputum

What is sputum? In the airway of a healthy person (in the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs), a secret is constantly produced, which more than 90% consists of water, and the rest - mineral salts. This secret is most often involuntarily swallowed. Sputum is always a symptom of an illness. Only by the nature of the sputum can we assume what the person is sick. When viewed with the naked eye, sputum is divided into watery, mucous and with an admixture of blood, often it has an unpleasant sweetish smell. When studying with a microscope, bacteria, fungi, parasites and tumor cells can be detected. By being in sputum white blood cells (white blood cells) you can judge the...

Static psychosis

Static psychosis is a mental illness caused by progressive brain atrophy. It develops in people older than 65 years. Violations can be different: inability to evaluate what is happening, anamnestic disorientation, memory decay, dementia, etc. Symptoms of senile psychosis Decreased interest in previously significant activities. Inability to concentrate, disturbance of thinking, memory and speech. Violations of coordination of movements. Personality changes. Causes of senile psychosis The most common cause is degenerative processes in the brain. But sometimes there is senile melancholy, for which organic changes in the brain are not characteristic. Treatment of senile...

Stroke

Stroke is an acute impairment of blood circulation in the brain with the development of persistent symptoms of damage to the central nervous system caused by a heart attack or a hemorrhage into the brain substance. There are two types of stroke: hemorrhagic and ischemic. The main cause of this pathology is the death of brain tissue due to the cessation of blood supply. When blood is poured into any half of the brain, the opposite side of the body usually paralyzes, but sometimes complete paralysis of the body also occurs. Stroke is 15-17% of all diseases of the nervous system. Annually from 10 thousand inhabitants of the country 4-5 people fall ill. Symptoms Strong headache. Loss of...

Sudden hearing loss

A sudden loss of hearing is a severe hearing loss or complete deafness that develops in a patient in a few minutes or hours. Usually, sudden deafness is one-sided. First, there is a noise in the ears, an unpleasant sensation of opening the ear. Sounds coming from the outside are muffled or not audible. Symptoms Drastic deafness or deafness. Constant noise in the ears. Feeling of raspiraniya in the ear. As a rule, with a sudden hearing loss a person does not experience any pain, and there are also rarely any specific symptoms. It often happens that a patient whose hearing was normal a few minutes ago suddenly suddenly begins to hear badly or even loses his hearing. Often before...

Suprapatellar knee bursitis

Knee bursitis is the disease of inflammation process, the source of which occurs in synovial bursa. This ailment is the most common among all the types of bursitis. The reason is structural specificity of synovial bursa – which has 9 bursae, the function of which is to dissipate force. Occurrence condition of inflammation in one of the bursae defines types of the disease. If pathological process develops in synovial bursa, which connects knee cartilage, so the disease would be called as suprapatellar (infrapatellar) bursitis. CAUSES A great variety of causes and factors influence provoke occurrence of suprapatellar knee bursitis: minor knee injury; serious trauma of knee cap;...

Swelling of soft tissues

What is edema? As a result of various disorders of the body's functions, fluid from the blood and lymph vessels can enter the surrounding tissues. Most of this liquid is water, but it also contains a small amount of proteins and other substances. Accumulation of excess fluid in tissues is called edema, or edema. The swelling of the tissues resulting from swelling can be local, as for example in trauma or inflammation, or generalized, which is observed with cardiac or renal insufficiency. Swelling of the soft tissues can appear in any part of the human body. The accumulation of fluid often occurs in the skin, mucous membranes or connective tissue of the body, such swelling is usually...

Symptoms of heel arthritis

Arthritis is the most common joint disease. It may occur in any place: from heels to shoulders. The disease represented as inflammation process which occurs in bones unions. Heel arthritis influences subtalar and talocalcaneonavicular joints, the function of which is to join toe phalanx and heel. DISEASE PROGRESSION Heel arthritis has some stages, which have typical symptoms and methods of treatment. First stage This stage has no evident symptoms, since patient feels no pain and no deformation occurs on heel. Identification of arthritis at this stage is possible only by X-ray diagnosis. Only high skilled physician can notice bone thinning in foot area. Second stage Heel arthritis...

Symptoms of reactive arthritis

Scientists defined primary and secondary symptoms, which appear during reactive arthritis. SYMPTOMS IN CHILDREN Children usually have cartilage edema, this symptom may already occur at the first stage of the disease and general state of a child allows parents to concentrate and visit a doctor. Slow progression might show any clinical symptoms, but motion limitation would be evident. COMMON SYMPTOMS First symptoms occur in 3-4 weeks after it was caused, with infectious manner in most cases. Usually such condition is the result of genital chlamydia infection, diarrhea, and also reactive arthritis develops after cold or breathing system diseases (laryngitis, pneumonia, bronchitis). In case...

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is considered to be as one of the most severe disease of joints, which has a great number of complications. This disease affects people of different age; however it mostly affects adults above 35. Women suffer from this disease 5 times more than men. According to statistics, 1-3% of the world population are affected by this disease.   HOW TO DISTINGUISH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS It is difficult to mistake symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis with other diseases. In most cases the disease follows with the inflammation and swellings of metacarpophalangeal joints of first and third fingers in early stages. The inflammation and swelling of wrist joint occur in addition to...

Syphilis

Syphilis is a chronic infectious disease that is transmitted predominantly through sexual intercourse. There are four periods of the disease: incubation, primary, secondary and tertiary. Typical is only primary syphilis. With secondary and tertiary syphilis, the symptoms of the disease can be varied. In the development of the disease, periods of imaginary recovery are possible. Symptoms Symptoms of syphilis depend on the stage of the disease. Primary stage: A red, painless ulcer at the site of the infectious agent. Enlargement of lymph nodes. Secondary stage: Rashes on the skin. Inflammation of internal organs. Tertiary stage: Deep ulcers, scars. Diseases of...