Search

ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Teeth Grinding (Bruxism): Causes and Treatments

What it is? Bruxism - creaking teeth at night, due to the stereotyped periodic activity of a certain group of muscles. This type of pathology of the dentoalveolar system appears as a result of the violation of the typical functions of the neuromuscular complex. For the first time the disease, as well as the causes of the emergence of bruxism, was described by M. Karoly in 1901, which he called her traumatic neuralgia. Later, in the second half of the 20th century, a number of physicians, it was considered appropriate to call this pathology a parafunction of chewing muscles. By parafunction means increased inappropriate activity, a systematically occurring strain or even a spasm of chewing...

Tests and examinations for gout diagnosis

A joint disease like gout is known from ancient times, it used to be called as “the Disease of Kings”, since this ailment affected only those people, who had access to stodgy and fat foot. Nowadays, gout is very widespread disease and affects people of different social groups. This disease is associated with protein metabolism disorder that causes accumulation of uric acid in organism. Then the uric acid crystallizes which destroys joint structure, and as a result causes disorganization of locomotor system.   CAUSES Gout is divided into 2 types in medicine, so it has two causative factors: primary and secondary. Primary gout may occur due to 2 causes: excessive producing of...

The Treatment of Disorders of Lipid Metabolism

Fat (lipid) metabolism is the production and splitting of fats and fat-like substances in the body, occurring primarily in the liver and adipose tissue. The mechanisms of regulatory processes are very complex; The most significant influence on them is exerted by hormones such as: insulin, adrenaline, thyroxine, and also sex hormones. There are two main disorders of fat metabolism: hypercholesterolemia (or hypercholesterolemia) and hypertriglyceridemia. In the first case, blood cholesterol significantly increases in blood plasma (in 100 ml of plasma contains more than 260 mg of cholesterol), and in the second - triglycerides (in 100 ml more than 172 mg of triglycerides). At the same time,...

Thymus disorders Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes

Thymus gland (thymus, thymus) is the central organ of the immune system of vertebrates. It is located in the thoracic cavity in the region of the anterior mediastinum, somewhat above the pericardium. The thymus gland of newborns is large, reaches the fourth rib and is attached at the level of the sternum. This is an organ that grows up to 10 years in size, and after 18 years begins to decrease. Definitely thymus is one of the most important and necessary organs for the formation and activity of the human immune system. What are thymus diseases? There is a congenital insufficiency of the thymus gland function, its dystopia (when the thymus is not in its place). Sometimes the thymus...

Thyroid Cancer - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Exams and Tests

Thyroid cancer is a malignant thyroid tumor. There are several forms of this type of cancer. The most common is papillary cancer, which, unlike other forms, is less aggressive, so the results of its treatment are quite successful. Forms of thyroid cancer that emanate from differentiated cells (true cancer or carcinoma) grow slowly and later metastasize. Undifferentiated thyroid cancer develops rapidly. However, this form of cancer is relatively rare. Even so rarely is the so-called medullary form of cancer (cancer of the C-cells). The development of the disease is associated with a genetic predisposition. Symptoms Early symptoms: A modification of the previously enlarged thyroid...

TICK-BORNE ENCEPHALITIS

Tick-borne encephalitis is an infectious disease of the brain. At the same time, the brain envelope can occur - meningoencephalitis. This disease is caused by viruses that usually enter the human body when bitten by a tick. However, you can get infected with unpasteurized cow, goat or sheep milk. In some countries, including in Central Europe, quite a lot of ticks are carriers of this infection. In many people, this infectious disease is asymptomatic. Such people in the future remain immune to this disease. As a rule, people of 30-40 years are more often tick-borne encephalitis. Children carry the infection easier. The older the person, the more difficult the disease - sometimes paralysis...

Toe Bursitis Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Self-Help

Each joint has capsule, which creates space – that is called synovial bursa. It produces special fluid which provides joint gliding. Inflammation of this bursa causes excessive accumulation of synovial fluid and this condition called bursitis. Also, inflammation causes swelling around the big toe, which makes much trouble, especially in footwear selection – this is called big toe bursitis. CAUSES There are many causes which lead to inflammation and develop deformation of toe. General causes that develop big toe bursitis: wrong footwear; flat-footedness; genetic predisposition; rheumatic diseases; traumas. Tight footwear on high heels causes not only inflammation of joint...

Toxoplasmosis: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis

Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by toxoplasma, characterized by a chronic course, with a lesion of the nervous system, an increase in the liver and spleen, and frequent damage to the striated muscle. Symptoms Temperature increase. Enlarged lymph nodes. Inflammation of the brain and its membranes. Joint pain. Anatomical organ defects caused by inflammation. Causes of pathology development Carriers of toxoplasmosis pathogens are cats. Intermediate hosts of toxoplasma can be almost all warm-blooded animals, including humans. Exciters from the body of cats are excreted with feces. However, fresh feces are not dangerous; After 3-4 days they become a source of...

Treatment of early seropositive rheumatoid arthritis

Seropositive rheumatoid arthritis is chronic joint disease. Usually affects small joints – hands, fingers, ankles, toes and neck bones. CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS Usually seropositive arthritis detected by rheumatoid factor, which presented in blood analysis. Additional clinical manifestations are: high ESR level; c-reactive protein increase; low hemoglobin level. This disease occurs later, it has slow progression type and very rare cases of acute attack. Seropositive form of rheumatoid arthritis has autoimmune origin and may be very dangerous in case of late disease detection. CAUSES Full list of factors that influence disease development is not done yet, but among them are:...

Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with folk medicine

Rheumatoid arthritis is the common disease characterized by inflammatory process in joint cavity. This disease damages joints of adults as well as children. Rheumatoid arthritis is usually treated by medication.  However, past experience shows that positive result of treatment can be reached by folk methods. Folk medicine is used for repeated bout prevention and patient’s physique support. Currently there are few methods of rheumatoid arthritis treatment, which includes decoctions, compresses, ointments and infusions.  DECOCTIONS During rheumatoid arthritis can be useful various decoctions made of such herbs: marsh cinquefoil, dock, hypericum, chamomile, hop plant etc....

Tremor: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

The trembling of the body (tremor) is a violent vibrational movement that covers the entire body or its parts as a result of repeated contractions and relaxation of the muscles. Muscle contractions are rhythmic, the frequency of oscillatory movements is 2-15 per second. The amplitude of tremor is large, medium and small. In addition, tremor can be physiological and pathological. The latter is most often a sign of damage to the central nervous system. With age, the severity of one of the forms of pathological tremor - an essential tremor - is amplified. Tremor is characteristic of Parkinson's disease. In a healthy person, postural tremor is possible, manifested by maintaining a certain...

Trichomoniasis STD Symptoms, Causes, Transmission, Test & Cure

Trichomoniasis (trichomoniasis) is an infectious disease that is transmitted predominantly through the sexual pathway, which is clinically manifested by damage to various parts of the genitourinary system caused by vaginal trichomonads. Trichomonads are the genus of the simplest class of flagella, parasitizing in various organs of man. These microorganisms affect the male and female genital organs. In women, the disease can occur in acute and chronic form. Symptoms Among women: Abundant, purulent, foamy leucorrhoea. Burning in the vagina and urination. In men: Foamy discharge from the urethra. Burning sensation in the urethra. Frequent urge to urinate. In women, the first...

Trigeminal neuralgia: Symptoms, causes, and treatment

The triple nerve is the fifth pair of cranial nerves, which forms a thickening of the sensory spine of the trigeminal nerve on the anterior surface of the pyramid of the temporal bone, the trigeminal node. The three main branches of the fifth pair of cranial nerves are divided into smaller, innervating face, ears, gums, teeth and most of the tongue. The most common manifestations of neuralgic pain are one of the three branches of the trigeminal nerve. This disease affects older people more often. Symptoms Sudden, severe pains. Burning, redness of the affected part of the face. Muscle cramps. Painful tic. Neuralgia is characterized by attacks of severe pain, usually localized on...

Trophic ulcers on the leg: treatment of the symptoms and ointments

Trophic ulcer is a defect of the skin that occurs due to various inflammations of the skin, mucous membranes, and also due to a disruption in the nutrition of tissues. The area and depth of the trophic ulcer progressively increase, destroying the tissues. Usually the border of ulcers and healthy tissues can be clearly defined. However, it is possible to merge wounds that are next to each other. The appearance of red-blue spots and shin wounds always means that there are severe violations of arterial or venous circulation in the lower extremities.  Symptoms Pain in the legs. Increased pain in lying position. Pain on walking, easing of pain when stopping. Blue-red spots on the...

Tumors of cartilaginous tissue: Symptoms, Causes

Cartilage is a type of connective tissue of vertebrates and humans. Its functions are different, for example, it consists of intervertebral discs. The cartilage covers the ends of the bones and, together with the joint fluid, reduces friction between the moving bones, and is also part of the structure of the larynx and the auricle. It is also necessary for the formation of bones, for example, after fractures of bones. In the cartilaginous tissue there are no blood vessels, there are few cells in it and they are surrounded by a large amount of intercellular space - the matrix. In the cartilage contains 70-80% water, 10-15% - inorganic substances. In the cartilaginous tissue, as in any other...

Tumors of the nasopharynx and paranasal sinuses

The nose and paranasal sinuses, as well as the upper and middle throat, are organs in which, like in all other organs, tumors can form. Benign tumors of the nasopharynx and pharynx are polyps and osteomas. Fibroma of the nasal cavity and pharynx is a tumor that can degenerate into a malignant one. A typical malignant character is carcinoma and sarcoma. Symptoms Nasal breathing is difficult. Prolonged bleeding from the nasal aperture. Pain in the face. Headache. A feeling of squeezing in the upper respiratory tract. Reasons for education Polyps can form as a result of chronic inflammation of the nasal mucosa caused by infection. Sensitive nasal membranes can irritate smoke,...

Typhoid and paratyphoid - including symptoms, treatment

Paratyph is a group of acute infectious diseases, proceeding like typhoid fever. Paratyphae A, B and C are distinguished. Symptoms of this disease are similar to those of typhoid fever, but the course of the disease is not so severe. When a person becomes infected, he shiver, the temperature rises, there are rashes on his lips, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, pink spots appear on the skin. Symptoms Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhea. Rashes on the lips. Increased body temperature. Chills. The incubation period is less than with typhoid fever, the course of the disease is easier. The first symptoms appear after 4-5 days. There is nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever rises, chills occur, high...

Typhoid Fever Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Vaccine

Typhoid fever is an acute infectious bowel disease. About the cases of the disease, the relevant medical institutions are compulsorily informed. The disease begins with a general malaise, headache, insomnia, apathy, loss of appetite, constipation and fever. During the second week the symptoms increase. The tongue becomes bloated, the temperature rises to 40 ° C, diarrhea appears. On the skin there is a characteristic rash in the form of small pink spots. The patient develops a disorder of consciousness with alternating delusional state. Earlier typhoid fever was called "nervous fever". Symptoms Initial stage: Fatigability. Headache. Lack of appetite. Apathy. Constipation....

Typhus: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Typhus is a dangerous infectious disease. In addition to the severe form of the disease, in which the mortality is 10-20%, there is a lighter form - the so-called. Endemic typhus spreading through a limited geographical area. After the transfer of this disease, serious residual effects often appear, for example, epilepsy, spastic paralysis or deafness. Carriers of epidemic typhus are carriers of lice, and endemic - mites, fleas, rats. Today, due to non-compliance with basic hygiene rules, the occurrence of this infection is more common only in some countries of Asia and Africa. Symptoms Skin rash is purplish-bluish. A sharp increase in body temperature. Violation of blood circulation,...