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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Tests and examinations for gout diagnosis

A joint disease like gout is known from ancient times, it used to be called as “the Disease of Kings”, since this ailment affected only those people, who had access to stodgy and fat foot. Nowadays, gout is very widespread disease and affects people of different social groups. This disease is associated with protein metabolism disorder that causes accumulation of uric acid in organism. Then the uric acid crystallizes which destroys joint structure, and as a result causes disorganization of locomotor system.   CAUSES Gout is divided into 2 types in medicine, so it has two causative factors: primary and secondary. Primary gout may occur due to 2 causes: excessive producing of...

Thrombosis

Blood vessels carrying oxygen-enriched blood from the heart to the organs are called arteries, and those that carry carbon-rich blood from the organs to the heart are veins. A thrombus is a blood clot in a blood vessel that partially or completely interferes with blood flow. A disease in which clots form in the blood is called thrombosis. Most often, thrombi form in the veins of the legs. However, they can form in other parts of the body, for example, in the region of the anus, the blood vessels of the hands or the brain. Symptoms Swelling of the affected leg. Pain in the leg. Causes of the disease Thrombosis occurs under the influence of three factors: The first factor:...

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is a malignant thyroid tumor. There are several forms of this type of cancer. The most common is papillary cancer, which, unlike other forms, is less aggressive, so the results of its treatment are quite successful. Forms of thyroid cancer that emanate from differentiated cells (true cancer or carcinoma) grow slowly and later metastasize. Undifferentiated thyroid cancer develops rapidly. However, this form of cancer is relatively rare. Even so rarely is the so-called medullary form of cancer (cancer of the C-cells). The development of the disease is associated with a genetic predisposition. Symptoms Early symptoms: A modification of the previously enlarged thyroid...

Tick-borne encephalitis

Tick-borne encephalitis is an infectious disease of the brain. At the same time, the brain envelope can occur - meningoencephalitis. This disease is caused by viruses that usually enter the human body when bitten by a tick. However, you can get infected with unpasteurized cow, goat or sheep milk. In some countries, including in Central Europe, quite a lot of ticks are carriers of this infection. In many people, this infectious disease is asymptomatic. Such people in the future remain immune to this disease. As a rule, people of 30-40 years are more often tick-borne encephalitis. Children carry the infection easier. The older the person, the more difficult the disease - sometimes paralysis...

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by toxoplasma, characterized by a chronic course, with a lesion of the nervous system, an increase in the liver and spleen, and frequent damage to the striated muscle. Symptoms Temperature increase. Enlarged lymph nodes. Inflammation of the brain and its membranes. Joint pain. Anatomical organ defects caused by inflammation. Causes of pathology development Carriers of toxoplasmosis pathogens are cats. Intermediate hosts of toxoplasma can be almost all warm-blooded animals, including humans. Exciters from the body of cats are excreted with feces. However, fresh feces are not dangerous; After 3-4 days they become a source of...

Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with folk medicine

Rheumatoid arthritis is the common disease characterized by inflammatory process in joint cavity. This disease damages joints of adults as well as children. Rheumatoid arthritis is usually treated by medication.  However, past experience shows that positive result of treatment can be reached by folk methods. Folk medicine is used for repeated bout prevention and patient’s physique support. Currently there are few methods of rheumatoid arthritis treatment, which includes decoctions, compresses, ointments and infusions.  DECOCTIONS During rheumatoid arthritis can be useful various decoctions made of such herbs: marsh cinquefoil, dock, hypericum, chamomile, hop plant etc....

Trembling of the body

The trembling of the body (tremor) is a violent vibrational movement that covers the entire body or its parts as a result of repeated contractions and relaxation of the muscles. Muscle contractions are rhythmic, the frequency of oscillatory movements is 2-15 per second. The amplitude of tremor is large, medium and small. In addition, tremor can be physiological and pathological. The latter is most often a sign of damage to the central nervous system. With age, the severity of one of the forms of pathological tremor - an essential tremor - is amplified. Tremor is characteristic of Parkinson's disease. In a healthy person, postural tremor is possible, manifested by maintaining a certain...

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis (trichomoniasis) is an infectious disease that is transmitted predominantly through the sexual pathway, which is clinically manifested by damage to various parts of the genitourinary system caused by vaginal trichomonads. Trichomonads are the genus of the simplest class of flagella, parasitizing in various organs of man. These microorganisms affect the male and female genital organs. In women, the disease can occur in acute and chronic form. Symptoms Among women: Abundant, purulent, foamy leucorrhoea. Burning in the vagina and urination. In men: Foamy discharge from the urethra. Burning sensation in the urethra. Frequent urge to urinate. In women, the first...

Trochanteric bursitis

Trochanteric bursa of the gluteus maximus muscle is located on the buttocks under large muscle of sit bone. Trochanteric bursitis – is the inflammation of synovial bursa. This disease belongs to orthopedic joint diseases in medicine, its development leads to accumulation of inflamed liquid in joints. CAUSES Causes and factors of the disease appearance may be traumas or tenotomy. But factors which give start for disease development are: sedentary lifestyle; hypothermia; overweight; specific trauma or deformation, when as a result one leg became shorter than another. SYMPTOMS The most typical symptom during disease diagnostics is hip pain; it can be a gradually growing pain or...

Trophic ulcer of lower leg

Trophic ulcer is a defect of the skin that occurs due to various inflammations of the skin, mucous membranes, and also due to a disruption in the nutrition of tissues. The area and depth of the trophic ulcer progressively increase, destroying the tissues. Usually the border of ulcers and healthy tissues can be clearly defined. However, it is possible to merge wounds that are next to each other. The appearance of red-blue spots and shin wounds always means that there are severe violations of arterial or venous circulation in the lower extremities.  Symptoms Pain in the legs. Increased pain in lying position. Pain on walking, easing of pain when stopping. Blue-red spots on the...

Tumors of cartilaginous tissue

Cartilage is a type of connective tissue of vertebrates and humans. Its functions are different, for example, it consists of intervertebral discs. The cartilage covers the ends of the bones and, together with the joint fluid, reduces friction between the moving bones, and is also part of the structure of the larynx and the auricle. It is also necessary for the formation of bones, for example, after fractures of bones. In the cartilaginous tissue there are no blood vessels, there are few cells in it and they are surrounded by a large amount of intercellular space - the matrix. In the cartilage contains 70-80% water, 10-15% - inorganic substances. In the cartilaginous tissue, as in any other...

Tumors of the brain

There are benign and malignant tumors of various parts of the body, as well as the brain. Even benign brain tumors are a huge danger. Sprouting and destroying tissues, the tumor causes compression of the brain, cranial nerves and blood vessels that feed the brain, seriously damaging its structures, contributing to its swelling and increased intracranial pressure. In the absence of treatment, edema ends with death. Symptoms Symptoms can be very different. The most common are: Strong, gradually growing headaches. Circulatory disorders. Nausea and vomiting. Dizziness, impaired orientation in space, short-term fainting. Convulsions. Behavior changes. Paralysis. Changes in the...

Tumors of the eye

What are they? Tumors of the eye can be benign (for example, birthmarks, angiomas, neurinomas and adenomas) and malignant. Tumors of the inner and middle shells of the eye The eye shells cover the eyeball with three layers. The inner layer covering the vitreous is the inner shell of the eyeball (retina). Between the inner and outer (fibrous) membranes of the eye is the middle shell, consisting of the iris, ciliary body and vascular membrane. The most common tumor is the inner shell of the eye - retinoblastoma. It has a malignant character and appears already in the first-second year of the life of the child. Parents first of all notice that the fundus of the child seems...

Tumors of the nasopharynx and paranasal sinuses

The nose and paranasal sinuses, as well as the upper and middle throat, are organs in which, like in all other organs, tumors can form. Benign tumors of the nasopharynx and pharynx are polyps and osteomas. Fibroma of the nasal cavity and pharynx is a tumor that can degenerate into a malignant one. A typical malignant character is carcinoma and sarcoma. Symptoms Nasal breathing is difficult. Prolonged bleeding from the nasal aperture. Pain in the face. Headache. A feeling of squeezing in the upper respiratory tract. Reasons for education Polyps can form as a result of chronic inflammation of the nasal mucosa caused by infection. Sensitive nasal membranes can irritate smoke,...

Tumors of the pituitary gland

The pituitary gland is located at the base of the brain, in the cranial fossa. A thin canal connects it to the brain. The pituitary gland produces proteins and hormones that regulate the metabolism and activity of the glands that produce other hormones. Tumors can form both in the gland itself, and next to it. Usually these are benign tumors, but they can cause disturbances in hormonal metabolism, which in turn cause various pathological changes. The most common symptoms of such a tumor in men - a violation of sexual potency and growth, in women - a violation of the menstrual cycle. Symptoms Absence of monthly. Whitish discharge from the nipples. In adults, acromegaly. Hemianopsia...

Typhoid feathers

Typhus is a dangerous infectious disease. In addition to the severe form of the disease, in which the mortality is 10-20%, there is a lighter form - the so-called. Endemic typhus spreading through a limited geographical area. After the transfer of this disease, serious residual effects often appear, for example, epilepsy, spastic paralysis or deafness. Carriers of epidemic typhus are carriers of lice, and endemic - mites, fleas, rats. Today, due to non-compliance with basic hygiene rules, the occurrence of this infection is more common only in some countries of Asia and Africa. Symptoms Skin rash is purplish-bluish. A sharp increase in body temperature. Violation of blood circulation,...

Typhoid fever

Typhoid fever is an acute infectious bowel disease. About the cases of the disease, the relevant medical institutions are compulsorily informed. The disease begins with a general malaise, headache, insomnia, apathy, loss of appetite, constipation and fever. During the second week the symptoms increase. The tongue becomes bloated, the temperature rises to 40 ° C, diarrhea appears. On the skin there is a characteristic rash in the form of small pink spots. The patient develops a disorder of consciousness with alternating delusional state. Earlier typhoid fever was called "nervous fever". Symptoms Initial stage: Fatigability. Headache. Lack of appetite. Apathy. Constipation....