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ALPHABETIC INDEX OF DISEASES AND HUMAN CONDITIONS

Valgus deformity

Valgus deformity is a condition which characterized by big toe is twisted outward and bunion with foot deformation. Valgus deformity is the most common foot pathology. Hallux valgus – in latin, mostly observed in women. CAUSES Valgus deformity is caused by flat feet, when metatarsal bones separated because of weak tendons. Varus deformity develops with longitudinal flat foot, which reduces feet amortization. Due to stress redistribution, tendon, which located along the first toe changes the pressure and pull the toe inwards. It deforms foot muscles and tendons even more and develops the disease. The primary feature that causes flat feet and further valgus deformity is the pathology,...

Valgus deformity of the big toe

Hallux Valgus is valgus deformity of the big toe; this disease is characterized by the deviation of metatarsal first toe and other toes. It looks like a thick formation near the first toe, thus it’s popularly called a bunion.  CAUSES transverse flat foot is the basic cause of Hallux Valgus. It disorders the flexible function of the foot, which misbalances the tension of legs and causes foot deformation. uncomfortable footwear may support the deformation as well as become its main cause. The disease is mostly caused by a footwear with high heels and pointed toes, thus three fourth of patients are women. Hallux Valgus usually develops at the age of 30-40. inborn weakness of...

Valgus foot deformity

Valgus deformation of foot is the process of foot arch deviation, which follows with development of abnormal outgrowth – bunion. DEFORMATION DEVELOPMENT Flat foot valgus deformity is the specific pathology of arch position due to its height lowering and twist of the mid axis. Toes and heel are twisted outward accordingly, and the foot obtains X-like form. Such pathology can be developed as well as inborn; it’s difficult to treat, however, the disease correction – conservative or surgical is quite successfully provided by orthopedists. CAUSES Flat foot valgus deformity in adults can be caused by following factors: wrong footwear (or inserts) – too narrow or its wrong size....

Valgus foot deformity in children

Valgus deformity in children is characterized by abnormal foot position – the outward deviation of foot under different angle. Normally this angle is equal to 90° with respect to the shin. The foot arch is reduced and foot axis is deviated, while feet obtain an X-like appearance. It’s impossible to choose footwear in such condition, not because of pain but mostly because of deformity. CONSEQUENCES OF THE DISEASE Valgus foot deformity may cause knee joint deviation, in case of ignoring. This condition can be managed only with surgical operation – radical method, which can be avoided by sports activity. Gymnastics can work as a prevention measure for deviation, but first,...

Vegetative dystonia

Vegetative dystonia is a syndrome that includes various in origin and manifestations of somatic function disorders due to the disorder of their vegetative regulation. The striated and smooth muscles of the walls of the human blood vessels are somewhat strained - this natural muscle tension is called muscle tonus. Thanks to the muscle tone, the heart rhythmically contracts, the arteries widen and narrow. If the process of natural tension and muscle relaxation breaks, dystonia occurs. If such a violation of physical regulation causes the autonomic nervous system, then this condition is called vegetative dystonia. The autonomic nervous system (VNS) innervates all internal organs. It is...

Venereal lymphogranuloma

The venereal lymphogranuloma is a chronic infectious venereal disease, transmitted sexually, and more rarely - domestic. Another name is inguinal lymphogranulomatosis, chlamydial lymphogranuloma, the fourth sexually transmitted disease, Duran-Nicolas Favre disease, tropical bubo. It occurs mainly in countries with tropical climate, in Europe it is a rare disease, although pathogens are widespread around the world. In recent times, homosexuals are more likely to suffer from this rare disease. Symptoms Early symptoms: small vesicles and papules, later sores, with a flat red, moist surface and clearly defined boundaries. Late symptoms: Slight enlarged lymph node, palpable. Rapid growth...

Violations of urination

Urination or dysuria may result from too frequent urination or urinary incontinence (more common in children), an increase or decrease in the amount of urine, tenderness or difficulty in urinating, involuntary urination or the inability to completely empty the bladder, also a urinary retention or absolute human inability to Emptying with a full bladder. Symptoms of urination disorder Frequent urination. Painful urination, pain in the bladder. Constant release of urine dropwise. Inability to completely empty the bladder. Involuntary urination. Night enuresis. Causes of urination disorders The causes of urination disorders depend on the nature of the disease. Sometimes they are...

Viral infections

Viruses are the most primitive form of life, the smallest pathogens of infectious diseases. They are smaller than bacteria and multiply only in the living cells of the owner. Penetrating into the cell of the body, the viruses transmit her hereditary information and "force" to develop new pathogens. As a rule, infection with viral agents occurs when they get on the mucous membrane. Some viruses can be infected only if they penetrate directly into the blood. Viruses can be grouped by the disease being excited, the geographical regions in which they cause the disease, the terrain in which they were first discovered. What are the viral diseases? The main feature of viruses is their peculiar...

Visual disturbances

What is a visual impairment? In order to see, we must sense the optical stimuli and process them into nerve impulses. Optical impulses are conducted to the cerebral cortex where their processing and image formation takes place. In this process, oculomotor muscles participate, the optic system of the eye, consisting of the cornea, the lens, the iris and the vitreous humor, and its sensory cells, the optic nerve and the visual centers of the brain. If defects appear in the listed structures, it leads to a deterioration of vision, including color and peripheral, and sometimes blindness. Visual acuity disorders The most common causes of deterioration in visual acuity and the...

Vomiting

Vomiting is an involuntary ejection of stomach contents through the mouth due to spasmodic contraction of the muscles of the stomach. As you know, this reflex can be caused by irritating the back of the pharynx with an object or fingers. Vomiting is a protective function of the body, it arises from emotional disorders. First aid for vomiting If the patient has vomiting and fever, the stomach is very sore, it is necessary to consult a doctor. At the end of vomiting, the stomach needs rest, so it is not allowed to drink for more than an hour. If a child or a weak patient starts vomiting, then he needs help. Otherwise, it is possible to get vomit into the respiratory tract, and then a...